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Bank Crime Statistics 2011

Bank Crime Statistics (BCS)
Federally Insured Financial Institutions
January 1, 2011 – December 31, 2011

I. Violations of the Federal Bank Robbery and Incidental Crimes Statute, Title 18, United States Code, Section 2113

Violations by Type of Institution

 

Robberies

Burglaries

Larcenies

Commercial Banks

4,495

44

10

Mutual Savings Banks

16

0

0

Savings and Loan Associations

105

3

0

Credit Unions

398

13

1

Armored Carrier Companies

0

0

1

Totals

5,014

60

12

 

Grand Total—All Violations: 5,086

Loot Taken and Recovered

Loot was taken in 4,534 (89 percent) of the 5,086 incidents. Loot taken is itemized as follows:

Cash

$38,331,491.85

Securities—Face Value

$100.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

$2,310.11

Food Stamps

$0.00

Other Property

$9,600.00

Total

$38,343,501.96

 

Full or partial recovery of loot taken was reported by law enforcement agencies in 973 (20 percent) of the 4,534 violations in which loot was taken. Loot recovered is itemized as follows:

Cash

$8,051,992.97

Securities—Face Value

$20.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

$0.00

Food Stamps

$0.00

Other Property

$18,874.00

Total

$8,070,886.97

 

Number, Race, and Sex of Perpetrators

The number of persons known to be involved in the 5,086 robberies, burglaries, and larcenies was 6,088. The following table shows a breakdown of the 6,088 persons who have been identified by race and sex. In a small number of cases, the use of full disguise makes determination of race and sex impossible.

 

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Unknown

Male

2,478

2,378

415

73

229

Female

220

166

26

4

13

 

Unknown Race/Sex: 86

Investigation to date has resulted in the identification of 3,263 (54 percent) of the 6,088 persons known to be involved. Of these 3,263 identified persons, 1,229 (37 percent) were determined to be users of narcotics and 583 (18 percent) were found to have been previously convicted in either federal or state court for bank robbery, bank burglary, or bank larceny.

Occurrences by Day of Week and Time of Day

Monday

858

6-9 a.m.

172

Tuesday

922

9-11 a.m.

1,437

Wednesday

842

11 a.m.-1 p.m.

1,131

Thursday

885

1-3 p.m.

1,028

Friday

1,042

3-6 p.m.

1,128

Saturday

403

6 p.m.-6 a.m.

189

Sunday

69

Not determined

1

Not Determined

65

 

 

Total

5,086

Total

5,086

 

Institution/Community Characteristics

Type of Financial Institution Office

Main Office

132

Branch Office

4,803

Store

123

Remote Facility/Other

28

Total

5,086

 

Location of Financial Institution Office

Commercial District

3,326

Shopping Center

1,240

Residential

327

Other Location

193

Total

5,086

 

Community Type

Metropolitan

2,336

Suburban

928

Small City/Town

1,734

Rural

88

Total

5,086

 

Institutional Areas Involved

Counter

4,870

Night Depository

4

Vault/Safe

215

Automatic Teller Machine

51

Safe Deposit Area

18

Courier/Messenger

1

Office Area

149

Armored Vehicle

2

Drive-In/Walk-Up

47

Other

43

 

Security Devices Maintained by Victim Institutions

Alarm System

4,967

Surveillance Cameras

5,028

Bait Money

3,086

Guards

236

Tear Gas/Dye Packs

1,239

Electronic Tracking

558

Bullet-Resistant Enclosures

768

 

Security Devices Used During Crimes

Alarm System Activated

4,557

Surveillance Cameras Activated

4,926

Bait Money Taken

1,605

Guards on Duty

197

Tear Gas/Dye Packs Taken

478

Electronic Tracking Activated

299

 

Security Devices Functioned

Alarm System Functioned

4,495

Surveillance Cameras Functioned

4,850

Electronic Tracking Devices Functioned

274

 

Modus Operandi Used

Demand Note Used

2,958

Firearm Used1

1,242

  Handgun

1,209

  Other Firearm

61

Other Weapon Used2

31

Weapon Threatened3

2,331

Explosive Device Used or Threatened

154

Oral Demand

2,678

Vault or Safe Theft

22

Depository Trap Device

0

Till Theft

72

 

1 “Handgun” and “Other Firearm” added together may not coincide with “Firearm Used” since, in some cases, both handguns and other firearms are used during the same crime. 
2 “Other Weapon Used” includes knives, other cutting instruments, hypodermic needles, clubs, etc.
3 “Weapon Threatened” includes those cases where a weapon was threatened or implied either orally or in a demand note but not actually observed.

Injuries, Deaths, and Hostages Taken

Acts of violence were committed during 201 of the 5,086 robberies, burglaries, and larcenies that occurred during the 12-month period. These acts included 70 instances involving the discharge of firearms, one instance involving an explosive, and 116 instances involving assaults. (One or more acts of violence may occur during an incident.) These acts of violence resulted in 88 injuries, 13 deaths, and 30 persons taken hostage.

Injuries

Customer

15

Employee

45

Employee Family

0

Perpetrator

15

Law Officer

5

Guard

3

Other

5

Total

88

 

Number of violations in which injuries occurred: 64

Deaths

Customer

0

Employee

0

Employee Family

0

Perpetrator

10

Law Officer

2

Guard

1

Other

0

Total

13

 

Number of violations in which deaths occurred: 11

Hostages Taken

Customer

4

Employee

20

Employee Family

2

Law Officer

0

Guard

2

Other

2

Total

30

 

Number of violations in which hostages were taken: 17

II. Bank Extortion Violations Which Were Investigated Under the Federal Bank Robbery and Incidental Crimes Statute, Title 18, United States Code, Section 2113

Violations by Type of Institution

Commercial Banks

6

Mutual Savings Banks

0

Savings and Loans Associations

0

Credit Unions

1

Armored Carrier Companies

0

Total

7

 

Loot Taken and Recovered

Loot was taken in two of the seven incidents. Loot taken is itemized as follows:

Cash

$69,935.00

Securities—Face Value

$0.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

$0.00

Food Stamps

$0.00

Other Property

$0.00

Total

$69,935.00

 

Full or partial recovery of loot taken was reported by law enforcement agencies in one of the two violations in which loot was taken. Loot recovered is itemized as follows:

Cash

$65,000.00

Securities—Face Value

$0.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

$0.00

Food Stamps

$0.00

Other Property

$0.00

Total

$65,000.00

 

Number, Race, and Sex of Perpetrators

The number of persons known to be involved in the seven extortion incidents was seven. In a number of cases, the number and description of individuals involved are unknown due to nonobservance of the perpetrator by the victim(s) or the use of disguises. The following table shows a breakdown of the seven known individuals involved by race and sex:

 

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Unknown

Male

1

2

0

0

3

Female

0

1

0

0

0

 

Unknown Race/Sex: 0

Occurrences by Day of Week and Time of Day

Monday

0

6-9 a.m.

2

Tuesday

1

9-11 a.m.

2

Wednesday

1

11 a.m-1 p.m.

1

Thursday

2

1-3 p.m.

2

Friday

0

3-6 p.m.

0

Saturday

3

6 p.m.-6 a.m.

0

Sunday

0

Not Determined

0

Not Determined

0

 

 

Total

7

Total

7

 

Institution/Community Characteristics

Type of Financial Institution Office

Main Office

0

Branch Office

7

Store

0

Remote Facility/Other

0

Total

7

 

Location of Financial Institution Office

Commercial District

5

Shopping Center

1

Residential

1

Other Location

0

Total

7

 

Community Type

Metropolitan

1

Suburban

1

Small City/Town

5

Rural

0

Total

7

 

Security Devices Maintained by Victim Institutions

Alarm System

7

Surveillance Cameras

7

Bait Money

4

Guards

0

Tear Gas/Dye Packs

1

Electronic Tracking

0

Bullet-Resistant Enclosures

0

 

Security Devices Used During Crimes

Alarm System Activated

5

Surveillance Cameras Activated

3

Bait Money Taken

1

Guards on Duty

0

Tear Gas/Dye Packs Taken

0

Electronic Tracking Activated

0

 

Modus Operandi Used

Demand Note Used

2

Firearm Used

0

Other Weapon Used

0

Weapon Threatened

2

Explosive Device Used or Threatened

1

Telephone Call

4

 

Injuries, Deaths, and Hostages Taken

No acts of violence, injuries, or deaths occurred, and no hostages were taken during the 12-month period.

III. Bank Robbery Statute Violations by Regions, Geographic Divisions, States, and Territories

Regional Summary

 

Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

Northeast

997

11

1

0

North Central

964

11

1

1

South

1,546

21

7

2

West

1,483

15

3

4

Territories

24

2

0

0

Totals

5,014

60

12

7

 

 

Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

Northeast

997

11

1

0

 

 

 

 

 

New England

328

4

1

0

  Connecticut

74

1

0

0

  Maine

3

0

0

0

 Massachusetts

216

3

1

0

  New Hampshire

23

0

0

0

  Rhode Island

10

0

0

0

  Vermont

2

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

Middle Atlantic

669

7

0

0

  New Jersey

119

3

0

0

  New York

339

3

0

0

  Pennsylvania

211

1

0

0

 

 

Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

North Central

964

11

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

East North Central

709

4

0

1

  Illinois

150

2

0

1

  Indiana

95

0

0

0

  Michigan

140

1

0

0

  Ohio

242

1

0

0

  Wisconsin

82

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

West North Central

255

7

1

0

  Iowa

22

0

0

0

  Kansas

47

4

0

0

  Minnesota

57

1

0

0

  Missouri

110

1

0

0

  Nebraska

12

0

1

0

  North Dakota

4

0

0

0

  South Dakota

3

1

0

0

 

 

Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

South

1,546

21

7

2

 

 

 

 

 

South Atlantic

899

9

7

1

  Delaware

30

0

0

0

  District of Columbia

17

1

1

0

  Florida

214

0

0

0

  Georgia

145

1

0

0

  Maryland

151

1

3

0

  North Carolina

124

0

2

0

  South Carolina

71

4

0

0

  Virginia

132

2

1

0

  West Virginia

15

0

0

1

 

 

 

 

 

East South Central

208

6

0

0

  Alabama

50

2

0

0

  Kentucky

55

0

0

0

  Mississippi

24

3

0

0

  Tennessee

79

1

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

West South Central

439

6

0

1

  Arkansas

28

3

0

1

  Louisiana

51

1

0

0

  Oklahoma

66

0

0

0

  Texas

294

2

0

0

 

 

Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

West

1,483

15

3

4

 

 

 

 

 

Mountain

524

6

0

2

  Arizona

210

0

0

0

  Colorado

170

2

0

0

  Idaho

5

0

0

0

  Montana

5

0

0

0

  Nevada

57

0

0

0

  New Mexico

47

0

0

0

  Utah

26

2

0

2

  Wyoming

4

2

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

Pacific

959

9

3

2

  Alaska

12

0

0

0

  California

687

8

3

2

  Hawaii

10

0

0

0

  Oregon

96

0

0

0

 Washington

154

1

0

0

 

 

Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

Territories

24

2

0

0

Guam

0

0

0

0

Puerto Rico

23

2

0

0

Virgin Islands

1

0

0

0

Totals

5,014

60

12

7

 

IV. Violations Involving Armored Carriers Investigated Under the Hobbs Act, Title 18, United States Code, Section 1951

Armored Carrier Incidents

Hobbs Act

42

Total

42

 

Loot Taken and Recovered

Loot was taken in 31 of the 42 incidents. Loot taken is itemized as follows: 

Cash

$6,331,562.97

Securities—Face Value

$0.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

$204,893.14

Food Stamps

$0.00

Other Property

$470.00

Total

$6,536,926.11

 

Full or partial recovery of loot was reported by law enforcement agencies in eight of the 31 violations in which loot was taken. Loot recovered is itemized as follows:

Cash

$809,357.79

Securities—Face Value

$0.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

$163,634.00

Food Stamps

$0.00

Other Property

$470.00

Total

$973,461.79

 

Number, Race, and Sex of Perpetrators

The number of persons known to be involved in the 42 armored carrier incidents was 100. In a number of cases, the number and description of individuals involved are unknown due to nonobservance of the perpetrator by the victim(s) or the use of disguises. The following table shows a breakdown of the 100 known individuals involved by race and sex:

 

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Unknown

Male

11

69

3

0

7

Female

0

3

0

0

0

 

Unknown Race/Sex: 7

Occurrences by Day of Week and Time of Day

Monday

4

6-9 a.m.

9

Tuesday

8

9-11 a.m.

13

Wednesday

9

11 a.m-1 p.m.

8

Thursday

11

1-3 p.m.

6

Friday

6

3-6 p.m.

4

Saturday

2

6 p.m.-6 a.m.

1

Sunday

2

Not Determined

1

Not Determined

0

 

 

Total

42

Total

42

 

Community Characteristics

Location

Commercial District

21

Shopping Center

18

Residential

2

Rural

1

Total

42

 

Community Type

Metropolitan

29

Suburban

7

Small City/Town

5

Rural

1

Total

42

 

Modus Operandi Used

Firearm Used4

36

  Handgun

35

  Other Firearm

8

Other Weapon Used5

1

Weapon Threatened6

10

Explosive Device Used or Threatened

0

Oral Demand

24

Vault or Safe Theft

0

 

4 “Handgun” and “Other Firearm” added together may not coincide with “Firearm Used” since, in some cases, both handguns and firearms are used during the same crime. 
5 “Other Weapon Used” includes knives, other cutting instruments, hypodermic needles, clubs, etc. 
6 “Weapon Threatened” includes those cases where a weapon was threatened or implied either orally or in a demand note but was not actually observed. 

Injuries, Deaths, and Hostages Taken

Acts of violence were committed during 25 of the 42 armored carrier violations which occurred during the 12-month period. These acts of violence resulted in 12 injuries, five deaths, and five persons taken hostage. (One or more acts of violence may occur during an incident.)

Injuries

Customer

0

Employee

2

Employee Family

0

Perpetrator

2

Law Officer

1

Guard

7

Other

0

Total

12

 

Number of violations in which injuries occurred: 10

Deaths

Customer

0

Employee

0

Employee Family

0

Perpetrator

3

Law Officer

0

Guard

2

Other

0

Total

5

 

Number of violations in which deaths occurred: 5

Hostages Taken

Customer

0

Employee

1

Employee Family

0

Law Officer

0

Guard

4

Other

0

Total

5

 

Number of violations in which hostages were taken: 3

Not all bank robberies are reported to the FBI, and, therefore, BCS is not a complete statistical compilation of all bank robberies that occur in the United States.

Any statistical information furnished in this booklet is subject to change upon the investigation of previously unreported bank robbery incidents that occurred during 2011. 

The BCS provides a nationwide view of bank robbery crimes based on statistics contributed by FBI field offices responding to bank robberies or otherwise gathered when provided to the FBI from local and state law enforcement.

Statistics were recorded as of 04/24/2012 at FBI Headquarters.