Burnsville Man Sentenced in Connection with Trevor Cook Ponzi Scheme
|U.S. Attorney’s Office July 15, 2013|
MINNEAPOLIS—Earlier today in federal court, United States District Court Chief Judge Michael J. Davis sentenced a 75-year-old Burnsville man in connection to the multi-million-dollar Ponzi scheme orchestrated by Trevor Cook.
Patrick Kiley was sentenced to 240 months in federal prison on 12 counts of wire and mail fraud, one count of conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud, and two counts of money laundering. Because the federal criminal justice system does not have parole, Kiley will spend virtually his entire sentence behind bars. Kiley and his co-defendants, who have been already sentenced, were also solely and jointly ordered to pay $155,359,411.77 in restitution to the victims of their fraud scheme. Kiley was charged in a second superseding indictment on February 22, 2012, and was convicted on June 12, 2012, after a nearly two-month trial.
On January 3, 2013, Jason Bo-Alan Beckman, age 43, of Plymouth, was sentenced to 360 months in federal prison on 17 counts of wire and mail fraud, two counts of conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud, four counts of money laundering, two counts of filing a false tax return, and one count of tax evasion. Gerald Joseph Durand, age 62, of Faribault, was sentenced to 240 months on 12 counts of wire and mail fraud, one count of conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud, two counts of money laundering, two counts of concealing a material fact from the U.S., and three counts of filing a false tax return.
Christopher Pettengill, age 56, also of Plymouth, was sentenced to 90 months in federal prison on one count of securities fraud, one count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud, and one count of money laundering.
The evidence presented at trial proved that between 2005 and November 2009, the defendants, along with Cook, defrauded investors by soliciting them to invest money in a foreign currency trading program that they alleged would earn a double-digit rate of return, typically between 10.5 and 12 percent annually, with little or no risk. They also claimed investor assets would be held in a segregated account and could be withdrawn at any time. Those representations were false.
The defendants and Cook made the investment offers through entities known as Universal Brokerage Services or bearing the acronym UBS. (The UBS entities had no legitimate affiliation to the global provider of financial services UBS, AG.) Cook operated the currency program through various foreign currency trading firms, including, but not limited to, one in Chicago and another in Switzerland.
To induce investors, the defendants and Cook, directly or through others, made false representations regarding the performance, safety, and liquidity of the currency program. They also omitted material information concerning their own backgrounds and qualifications, as well as the backgrounds and qualifications of those working for them.
Once investments were made, some investors received UBS account statements that indicated that the currency program was performing as promised, while others received checks for “returns on their investments.” Both the statements and checks, however, were actually produced by the co-conspirators, the purpose being to lull investors or encourage them to make additional investments. At the same time, most investors received nothing from the true custodians of their funds.
Although some investment funds were invested in foreign currency trading, most of that trading was high risk in nature, often resulting in significant losses, none of which was disclosed to investors. Moreover, the co-conspirators concealed that the currency trading firm in Switzerland was in dire financial condition and, instead, continued to solicit investor assets to be sent to that trading firm. Co-conspirators also concealed from investors their own concerns about Cook’s operation of the currency program and alleged illegalities relative to the currency program.
In 2007, when UBS, AG, filed a trademark infringement lawsuit against Cook, Durand, Kiley, and others, the defendants began operating their scheme under other names, including, but not limited to, those identified by the terms Oxford and Universal Brokerage FX. They then continued to solicit investors for the currency program, utilizing telemarketing, media spots, and seminars in which they repeated the false representations noted above. Kiley, a Christian radio host, solicited investors for the scam through his radio talk show, which was carried on more than 200 stations across the country. On those programs, he regularly warned listeners to avoid financial ruin by giving their life savings to his company for investment.
Between 2005 and July 2009, the defendants, Cook, and others secured approximately $194 million in investments for the currency program. Of that amount, only about $109 million was actually sent to currency trading firms. About $52 million was paid to investors in the form of lulling payments, and approximately $30 million was diverted to fund the business and personal expenses of the defendants, Cook, and others.
In August 2010, Cook was sentenced to 300 months in federal prison for his role in the scam. On July 18, 2011, Jon Jason Greco pleaded guilty to two counts of making false statements to federal agents, specifically lying about assets he had concealed relative to this scam. He was sentenced to ten months in prison for his crimes.
This case was the result of an investigation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Internal Revenue Service-Criminal Investigation, with cooperation from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodities Futures Trading Commission. It was prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorneys Tracy L. Perzel and David J. MacLaughlin.
Proceeds from the Cook fraud scheme are the subject of an ongoing investigation and recovery efforts led by the law firm Carlson, Caspers, Vandenburg, and Lindquist, through a previous appointment by Judge Davis.
This law enforcement action is in part sponsored by the interagency Financial Fraud Enforcement Task Force. The task force was established to wage an aggressive, coordinated, and proactive effort in investigating and prosecuting financial crimes. It includes representatives from a broad range of federal agencies, regulatory authorities, inspectors general, and state and local law enforcement who, working together, bring to bear a powerful array of criminal and civil enforcement resources. The task force is working to improve efforts across the federal executive branch and, with state and local partners, will investigate and prosecute significant financial crimes, ensure just and effective punishment for those who perpetrate financial crimes, combat discrimination in the lending and financial markets, and recover proceeds for victims of financial crimes.