From approximately February of 2007 until October of 2012, London Akpanoko allegedly participated in an advance fee fraud scam that targeted dozens of individuals in the United States and elsewhere as part of an African Criminal Enterprise. The victims received e-mails and phone calls informing them of a sum of money that they would receive. The reasons for receiving the money varied between victims, but the most common reasons were an inheritance or some type of investment scheme. In order to receive the money, the victims were informed that they had to pay a fee. The fees were sent to numerous bank accounts and individuals located in the United States and overseas. The investigation has identified approximately forty victims and approximately five million dollars in loss. Akpanoko was allegedly an active participant in tricking victims to provide money as part of the scam. On January 8, 2013, a federal arrest warrant was issued for Akpanoko in the United States District Court, District of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey, after he was charged with conspiracy to commit wire fraud.
Akpanoko speaks English and a Nigerian language, possibly Yoruba. He resided in Atlanta, Georgia, and had ties to the New York City, New York, area. He is known to have crossed into Canada in February of 2013, and then flew from Canada to Germany and then on to Ghana in West Africa. In the past, he has visited Nigeria, Ghana, the United Kingdom, and Germany.