Bank Crime Statistics 2008 Final

Bank Crime Statistics 2008 Final

BANK CRIME STATISTICS (BCS)
FEDERAL INSURED FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
JANUARY 1, 2008—DECEMBER 31, 2008

I. VIOLATIONS OF THE FEDERAL BANK ROBBERY AND INCIDENTAL CRIMES STATUTE, TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 2113

Violations by Type of Institution

Robberies

Burglaries

Larcenies

Commercial Banks

5960

90

21

Mutual Savings Banks

110

3

1

Savings and Loan Associations

147

5

1

Credit Unions

483

23

5

Total

6700

121

28

Grand Total—All Violations: 6,849

Loot Taken and Recovered

Loot was taken in 6,225 (91 percent) of the 6,849 incidents. Loot taken is itemized as follows:

Cash

$61,666,575.48

Securities—Face Value

100.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

169,411.76

Food Stamps

24,150.00

Other Property

54,426.07

Total

$61,914,663.31

Full or partial recovery of loot taken was reported by law enforcement agencies in 1,189 (19 percent) of the 6,225 incidents in which loot was taken. Loot recovered is itemized as follows:

Cash

$8,931,126.05

Securities—Face Value

800.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

1,120.00

Food Stamps

500.00

Other Property

6,931.23

Total

$8,940,477.28

Number, Race, and Sex of Perpetrators

The number of persons known to be involved in the 6,849 robberies, burglaries, and larcenies was 8,393. The following table shows a breakdown of the 8,393 persons who have been identified by race and sex. In a small number of cases, the use of full disguise makes determination of race and sex impossible.

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Unknown

Male

3230

3540

604

129

286

Female

206

221

43

3

18

Unknown Race/Sex: 113

Investigation to date has resulted in the identification of 3,342 (40 percent) of the 8,393 persons known to be involved. Of these 3,342 identified persons, 1,444 (43 percent) were determined to be users of narcotics, and 633 (19 percent) were found to have been previously convicted in either federal or state court for bank robbery, bank burglary, or bank larceny.

Occurrences by Day of Week and Time of Day

Monday

1,280

6-9 a.m.

225

Tuesday

1,198

9-11 a.m.

1,803

Wednesday

1,206

11 a.m.-1 p.m.

1,629

Thursday

1,129

1-3 p.m.

1,458

Friday

1,407

3-6 p.m.

1,472

Saturday

505

6 p.m.-6 a.m.

261

Sunday

90

Not Determined

1

Not Determined

34

Total

6,849

Total

6,849

Institution/Community Characteristics

Type of Financial Institution Office

Main Office

210

Branch Office

6,472

Store

126

Remote Facility/Other

41

Total

6,849

Location of Financial Institution Office

Commercial District

4,671

Shopping Center

1,519

Residential

389

Other Location

270

Total

6,849

Community Type

Metropolitan

3,388

Suburban

1,136

Small City/Town

2,189

Rural

136

Total

6,849

Institutional Areas Involved

Counter

6,488

Night Depository

9

Vault/Safe

371

Auto. Teller Machine

5

Safe Deposit Area

22

Courier/Messenger

1

Office Area

199

Armored Vehicle

72

Drive-In/Walk-Up

65

Other

54


Security Devices Maintained by Victim Institutions

Alarm System

6,626

Surveillance Cameras

6,743

Bait Money

4,483

Guards

387

Tear Gas/Dye Packs

1,738

Electronic Tracking

601

Bullet-Resistant Enclosures

763

Security Devices Used During Crimes

Alarm System Activated

6,176

Surveillance Cameras Activated

6,581

Bait Money Taken

2,121

Guards on Duty

341

Tear Gas/Dye Packs Taken

730

Electronic Tracking Activated

298

Security Devices Functioned

Alarm System Functioned

6,110

Surveillance Cameras Functioned

6,477

Modus Operandi Used

Demand Note Used

3,833

Firearm Used 1

1,734

Handgun

1,656

Other Firearm

120

Other Weapon Used 2

100

Weapon Threatened 3

2,839

Explosive Device Used or Threatened

174

Oral Demand

3,683

Vault or Safe Theft

47

Depository Trap Device

3

Till Theft

95

1 "Handgun" and "Other Firearm" added together may not coincide with "Firearm Used” since, in some cases, both handguns and other firearms are used during the same crime.

2 "Other Weapon Used" includes knives, other cutting instruments, hypodermic needles, clubs, etc.

3 "Weapon Threatened" includes those cases where a weapon was threatened or implied either orally or in a demand note but not actually observed.

Injuries, Deaths, and Hostages Taken

Acts of violence were committed during 293 (4 percent) of the 6,849 robberies, burglaries, and larcenies which occurred during this 12-month period. These acts included 78 instances involving the discharge of firearms, 171 instances involving assaults, and 52 instances of hostage situations. (One or more acts of violence may occur during an incident.) These acts of violence resulted in 123 injuries, 21 deaths, and 105 persons being taken hostage.

Injuries

Customer

18

Employee

69

Employee Family

0

Perpetrator

14

Law Officer

7

Guard

13

Other

2

Total

123

Number of incidents in which injuries occurred: 99

Deaths

Customer

0

Employee

1

Employee Family

0

Perpetrator

17

Law Officer

0

Guard

0

Other

3

Total

21


Number of incidents in which deaths occurred: 20

Hostages Taken

Customer

13

Employee

80

Employee Family

7

Law Officer

0

Guard

3

Other

2

Total

105

Number of incidents in which hostages were taken: 52

II. BANK EXTORTION VIOLATIONS WHICH WERE INVESTIGATED UNDER THE FEDERAL BANK ROBBERY AND INCIDENTAL CRIMES STATUTE, TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 2113, JANUARY 1, 2008—DECEMBER 31, 2008

Violations by Type of Institution

Commercial Banks

8

Mutual Savings Banks

0

Savings and Loans Associations

0

Credit Unions

0

Armored Car

0

Total

8

Loot Taken and Recovered

Loot was taken in two (25 percent) of the eight incidents. Loot taken is itemized as follows:

Cash

$20,080.00

Securities—Face Value

0.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

0.00

Food Stamps

0.00

Other Property

0.00

Total

$20,080.00

Full or partial recovery of loot taken was reported by law enforcement agencies in two of the two incidents in which loot was taken. Loot recovered is itemized as follows:

Cash

$2,080.00

Securities—Face Value

0.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

0.00

Food Stamps

0.00

Other Property

0.00

Total

$2,080.00

Number, Race, and Sex of Perpetrators

The number of persons known to be involved in the eight bank extortion incident was seven. In a number of cases, the number and description of individuals involved are unknown due to nonobservance of the perpetrator by the victim(s) or the use of disguises. The following table shows a breakdown of the seven known individuals involved by race and sex:

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Unknown

Male

4

0

0

0

3

Female

0

0

0

0

0

Unknown Race/Sex: 0

Occurrences by Day of Week and Time of Day

Monday

0

6-9 a.m.

0

Tuesday

1

9-11 a.m.

3

Wednesday

0

11 a.m.-1 p.m.

2

Thursday

2

1-3 p.m.

0

Friday

3

3-6 p.m.

2

Saturday

2

6 p.m.-6 a.m.

1

Sunday

0

Not Determined

0

Not Determined

0

Total

8

Total

8

Institution/Community Characteristics

Type of Financial Institution Office

Main Office

0

Branch Office

8

Store

0

Remote Facility/Other

0

Total

8

Location of Financial Institution Office

Commercial District

6

Shopping Center

1

Residential

1

Other Location

0

Total

8

Community Type

Metropolitan

2

Suburban

0

Small City/Town

5

Rural

1

Total

8

Security Devices Maintained by Victim Institutions

Alarm System

7

Surveillance Cameras

7

Bait Money

6

Guards

0

Tear Gas/Dye Packs

0

Electronic Tracking

0

Bullet-Resistant Enclosures

0

Security Devices Used During Crimes

Alarm System Activated

3

Surveillance Cameras Activated

4

Bait Money Taken

2

Guards on Duty

0

Tear Gas/Dye Packs Taken

0

Electronic Tracking Activated

0

Modus Operandi Used

Demand Note Used

2

Firearm Used

0

Other Weapon Used

0

Weapon Threatened

1

Explosive Device Used or Threatened

3

Telephone Call

7

Injuries, Deaths, and Hostages Taken

Acts of violence were committed during one of the eight extortion incidents which occurred during this 12-month period. These acts included one explosion, with no injuries or persons taken hostage. (One or more acts of violence may occur during an incident.) These acts of violence resulted in two deaths.

Deaths

Customer

0

Employee

0

Employee Family

0

Perpetrator

0

Law Officer

2

Guard

0

Other

0

Total

2

Number of incidents in which deaths occurred: 1

III. BANK ROBBERY STATUTE VIOLATIONS BY REGIONS, GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, STATES, AND TERRITORIES (JANUARY 1, 2008—DECEMBER 31, 2008)

Regional Summary

Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

Northeast

1,413

20

2

1

North Central

1,320

14

9

1

South

2,100

60

10

3

West

1,857

27

7

3

Territories

10

0

0

0

Totals

6,700

121

28

8


Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

NORTHEAST

1,413

20

2

1

New England

406

5

1

1

Connecticut

79

0

0

0

Maine

10

1

0

0

Massachusetts

286

4

1

1

New Hampshire

19

0

0

0

Rhode Island

10

0

0

0

Vermont

2

0

0

0

Middle Atlantic

1,007

15

1

0

New Jersey

194

0

0

0

New York

499

13

1

0

Pennsylvania

314

2

0

0


Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

NORTH CENTRAL

1,320

14

9

1

East North Central

1,070

5

4

1

Illinois

318

0

1

0

Indiana

113

0

1

0

Michigan

253

2

1

0

Ohio

277

1

1

1

Wisconsin

109

2

0

0

West North Central

250

9

5

0

Iowa

32

0

0

0

Kansas

27

3

0

0

Minnesota

58

1

1

0

Missouri

96

2

0

0

Nebraska

29

0

3

0

North Dakota

4

3

1

0

South Dakota

4

0

0

0


Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

SOUTH

2,100

60

10

3

South Atlantic

1,190

29

5

1

Delaware

16

0

0

0

District of Columbia

31

0

2

0

Florida

355

6

0

0

Georgia

204

2

0

0

Maryland

155

2

2

0

North Carolina

204

12

1

0

South Carolina

108

7

0

0

Virginia

101

0

0

0

West Virginia

16

0

0

1

East South Central

316

9

3

2

Alabama

97

1

0

1

Kentucky

57

2

0

0

Mississippi

72

2

0

0

Tennessee

90

4

3

1

West South Central

594

22

2

0

Arkansas

38

9

0

0

Louisiana

41

3

1

0

Oklahoma

34

2

1

0

Texas

481

8

0

0


Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

WEST

1,857

27

7

3

Mountain

603

7

1

0

Arizona

236

2

0

0

Colorado

133

0

0

0

Idaho

15

0

0

0

Montana

2

1

0

0

Nevada

76

1

1

0

New Mexico

82

2

0

0

Utah

59

1

0

0

Wyoming

0

0

0

0

Pacific

1,254

20

6

3

Alaska

15

0

0

0

California

912

18

2

1

Hawaii

18

0

3

0

Oregon

154

1

1

2

Washington

155

1

0

0


Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

TERRITORIES

10

0

0

0

Guam

0

0

0

0

Puerto Rico

9

0

0

0

Virgin Islands

1

0

0

0


Bank Robberies

Bank Burglaries

Bank Larcenies

Bank Extortions

Totals

6,700

121

28

8

IV. VIOLATIONS INVOLVING ARMORED CARRIERS INVESTIGATED UNDER THE HOBBS ACT, TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 1951 (JANUARY 1, 2008—DECEMBER 31, 2008)

Armored Carrier Incidents

Hobbs Act

52

Total

52

Loot Taken and Recovered

Loot was taken in 37 (71percent) of the 52 incidents. Loot taken is itemized as follows:

Cash

$9,495,437.71

Securities—Face Value

0.00

Checks (Including Traveler’s Checks)

120,277.83

Food Stamps

77,598.00

Other Property

5,900.00

Total

$9,699,213.54

Full or partial recovery of loot taken was reported by law enforcement agencies in six (16 percent) of the 37 incidents in which loot was taken. Loot recovered is itemized as follows:

Cash

$1,407,829.49

Securities—Face Value

0.00

Checks (including Traveler’s Checks)

0.00

Food Stamps

0.00

Other Property

0.00

Total

$1,407,829.49

Number, Race, and Sex of Perpetrators

The number of persons known to be involved in the 52 armored carrier incidents was 99. In a number of cases, the number and description of individuals involved are unknown due to nonobservance of the perpetrator by the victim(s) or the use of disguises. The following table shows a breakdown of the 99 known individuals involved by race and sex:

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Unknown

Male

10

60

6

1

15

Female

0

3

0

0

0

Unknown Race/Sex: 4

Occurrences by Day of Week and Time of Day

Monday

8

6-9 a.m.

9

Tuesday

14

9-11 a.m.

18

Wednesday

9

11 a.m.-1 p.m.

10

Thursday

9

1-3 p.m.

8

Friday

9

3-6 p.m.

3

Saturday

3

6 p.m.-6 a.m.

2

Sunday

0

Not Determined

2

Not Determined

0

Total

52

Total

52

Community Characteristics

Location

Commercial District

22

Shopping Center

28

Residential

2

Rural

0

Total

52

Community Type

Metropolitan

28

Suburban

8

Small City/Town

16

Rural

0

Total

52

Modus Operandi Used

Firearm Used 4

36

Handgun

30

Other Firearm

11

Other Weapon Used 5

3

Weapon Threatened 6

6

Explosive Device Used or Threatened

0

Oral Demand

21

Vault or Safe Theft

0

4 "Handgun" and "Other Firearm" added together may not coincide with "Firearm Used” since, in some cases, both handguns and other firearms are used during the same crime.

5 "Other Weapon Used" includes knives, other cutting instruments, hypodermic needles, clubs, etc.

6 "Weapon Threatened" includes those cases where a weapon was threatened or implied either orally or in a demand note but not actually observed.

Injuries, Deaths, and Hostages Taken

Acts of violence were committed during 27 of the 52 armored carrier incidents which occurred during this 12-month period. These acts of violence resulted in 14 injuries, one death, and three persons taken hostage. (One or more acts of violence may occur during an incident.)

Injuries

Customer

1

Employee

1

Perpetrator

2

Law Officer

0

Guard

9

Other

1

Total

14

Number of incidents in which injuries occurred: 12

Deaths

Customer

0

Employee

0

Perpetrator

0

Law Officer

0

Guard

1

Other

0

Total

1

Number of incidents in which deaths occurred: 1

Hostages Taken

Customer

0

Employee

0

Law Officer

0

Guard

3

Other

0

Total

3

Number of incidents in which a hostage was taken: 2

Any statistical information furnished in this booklet is subject to change upon the investigation of bank robbery incidents which occurred during 2008.

The BCS provides a nationwide view of bank robbery crimes based on statistics contributed by FBI field offices responding to bank robberies or otherwise gathered when provided to the FBI from local and state law enforcement.

Statistics were recorded as of 04/23/2009, at FBI Headquarters.

Note: Not all Bank Robberies are reported to the FBI, and therefore BCS is not a complete statistical compilation of all Bank Robberies that occur in the United States.