Counterterrorism & Forensic Science Research

FBI Laboratory Scientist

The Counterterrorism and Forensic Science Research Unit (CFSRU) provides technical leadership and advancement of forensic sciences for the FBI—as well as for federal, state, local, and international agencies—through applied research and development. Our research focuses on three primary goals: (1) the development of new capabilities; (2) improvements to existing capabilities; and (3) the defensibility of current and future capabilities.

The Team 

CFSRU personnel consist of research scientists, program managers, technical and administrative support staff, and participants in the Visiting Scientist Program. Together they make up a highly-skilled team with expertise in a broad range of scientific disciplines.

The Work

CFSRU provides the FBI Laboratory’s foundation for innovative scientific research and development as well as advanced technical support and subject matter expert consultation as needed to support operations. The Laboratory Division Library, managed by CFSRU, provides informational support to both research and casework initiatives throughout the division.

The goal of research and development is to cultivate and deliver new scientific technology and methods to support the operational requirements of the FBI as well as partner law enforcement and intelligence agencies. Research is conducted on a wide range of topics designed to support advancement in biological, chemical, and physical forensic analyses; operational response; and biometrics. Results are presented at scientific conferences and are published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. In addition, the unit provides subject matter expertise as needed to support the FBI and the intelligence community. CFSRU is established as an international leader in forensic science research.

Visiting Scientist Program (VSP) 

The goal of the Visiting Scientist Program is to enhance CFSRU’s research and development capabilities by providing highly qualified scientists from outside institutions to complement staff scientists and assist in performing duties consistent with the mission and needs of the FBI. Program participants enhance their education by participating in mentored forensic research initiatives in CFSRU laboratories using state-of-the-art equipment. Participants are afforded a unique work experience that offers professional development and increases their research contribution in their chosen field of study within the realm of forensics. University professors, post-graduates, as well as doctoral, masters’, and bachelors’ level students qualify for the program. For additional program information, see the Visiting Scientist Program webpage on the FBI Jobs website.

Advanced Technical Support and Consultation 

CFSRU provides advanced technical support as needed through formal classroom instruction as well as specialized hands-on expertise in the laboratory to transfer new technology and methods into operations. In addition, staff scientists participate in scientific and technical working groups and provide consultation as subject matter experts on operational matters when needed.

Broad Research Portfolios 

Advancement of Imaging, Visualization, and Visual Comparison 

Research new ideas and develop new techniques to advance imaging, visualization, and visual comparison for forensic studies, including specialized applications for microscopy, hyperspectral imaging, spectrochemical analysis, documents analysis, anthropology, and facial approximation. 

Advancing Forensics 

Advancement of forensic science through improved use of statistical analysis, application of automated pattern recognition technology, and studies on examiner decision reliability.

Application of Mass Spectrometry to the Chemical and Biological Sciences

Develop new techniques and improve existing methods for application of mass spectrometry (MS) analysis to the chemical and biological sciences, including techniques in toxicology, analysis of trace volatiles, genotyping via MS, and applications for isotope ratio analysis.

Biometric Research 

Research in biometrics to advance analysis of intrinsic physiological human traits for the purpose of identifying groups and uniquely recognizing individuals, including studies with fingerprints, palm prints, DNA, RNA, proteins, human scent, and handwriting. 

Case Work Unit-Specific Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation 

Short-term projects that directly address case work needs. 

Decision Analysis and Validation Studies for Pattern-Based Disciplines

Research projects addressing the accuracy, reliability, and validity of pattern-based forensic science disciplines.

Detection, Analysis, and Identification of Biothreat Agents

Develop new techniques and improve existing methods for detection, analysis, and identification of biothreat agents, including pathogens, microbes, spores, viruses, and toxins.

Developing Techniques and Technologies

Research addressing the application of technological advancements and their application to forensic science disciplines.

Emerging Issues in Forensic Science

Discipline-specific research addressing urgent, emerging issues.

Explosives Detection and Analysis

Evaluate new technology and research methods for advancing characterization, detection, and analysis of explosives and explosives residues.

Field Portable Instrumentation

Evaluate new technology for the detection, collection, and characterization of evidence in the field.

Next Generation Sequencing (NGS)

NGS allows millions of DNA strands to be sequenced in parallel and DNA from multiple samples to be independently labeled and pooled so many samples can be sequenced in the same reaction. NGS holds the promise for analyzing degraded samples, detecting minor contributors in mixtures, and multiplexing hundreds of genetic loci. The Laboratory Division is interested in research aimed at evaluating NGS technology as a complement to existing forensic DNA analysis. 

Trace Evidence Analysis 

Advance the methods used for analysis of trace evidence, including microscopic and spectroscopic techniques as well as development and use of specialized databases for characterizing trace evidence. 

Counterterrorism and Forensic Science Research Unit (CFSRU) Research Citations 

2016

Interexaminer Variation of Minutia Markup on Latent Fingerprints, Bradford T. Ulery, R. Austin Hicklin, Maria Antonia Roberts, and JoAnn Buscaglia, Forensic Science International, 2016. E-Published 3/18/2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2016.03.014

Response to “Facial Soft Tissue Thickness: Noise, Signal, and P. by Stephan, Munn and Caple”, Connie Parks, Adam H. Richard, and Keith L. Monson, Forensic Science International, 2016, February. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2016.01.032

2015

52 additional reference population samples for the 55 AISNP panel, Andrew J. Pakstis, Eva Haigh, Lotfi Cherni, Amel Ben Ammar ElGaaied, Alison Barton, Baigalmaa Evsanaa, Ariunaa Togtokh, Jane Brissenden, Janet Roscoe, Ozlem Bulbul, Gonul Filoglu, Cemal Gurkan, Kelly A. Meiklejohn, James M. Robertson, Cai-Xia Li, Yi-Liang Wei, Hui Li, Usha Soundararajan, Haseena Rajeevan, Judith R. Kidd, and Kenneth K. Kidd, Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2015, November, Vol 19, pp 269-271. E-Published 8/14/2015. DOI: 10.1016.j.fsigen2015.08.003

Quantification of Human Mitochondrial DNA Using Synthesized DNA Standards, United States Patent, Mark F. Kavlick and Bruce Budowle, Patent No. US 9,080,205 B2, July 14, 2015.

Fatty Acid Profiles for Differentiating Growth Medium Formulations Used to Culture Bacillus cereus T-strain Spores, Christopher J. Ehrhardt, Devonie L. Murphy, James M. Robertson, and Jason D. Bannan, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2015, July, Vol 60, No 4, pp 1022-1029. DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12771

Post-Blast Analysis of Hexamethylene Triperoxide Diamine using Liquid Chromatography-Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization-Mass Spectrometry, Christine M. Marsh, Robert F. Mothershead II, and Mark L. Miller, Science and Justice, 2015, September, Vol 55, Issue 5, pp 299-306. E-Published 6/15/2015. DOI:10.1016/j.scijus.205.05.006

Forensic Differentiation of Bacillus cereus Spores Grown Using Different Culture Media Using Raman Spectroscopy, Joshua R. Dettman, Jessica M. Goss, Christopher J. Ehrhardt, Kristina A. Scott, Jason D. Bannan, and James M. Robertson, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2015, June, Vol 407, No 16, pp 407: 4757-4766. ISSN 1618-2642. E-Published 4/19/2015. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-015-866-3

Evaluation of Four Fingerprint Development Methods for Touch Chemistry using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization/Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Kimberly A. Kaplan-Sandquist, Marc A. LeBeau, Mark L. Miller, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2015, May, Vol 60, No 3. E-Published 2/24/2015. DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12718

Intra-Roll and Intra-Jumbo Roll Variation of Duct Tapes, Andria H. Mehltretter, Diana M. Wright, Joshua R. Dettman, Michael A. Smith; Journal of the American Society of Trace Evidence Examiners, 2015, January, Vol 6, Issue 1, pp 21-41. ISSN: 2156-9797

Mass Spectrometry-Based cDNA Profiling as a Potential Tool for Human Body Fluid Identification, Joseph Donfack, Anissa Wiley; Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2015, May, Vol 16, pp 112-120. E-Published 1/7/2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2014.12.008

2014

Changes in Latent Fingerprint Examiners’ Markup Between Analysis and Comparison, Bradford T. Ulery, R. Austin Hicklin, Maria Antonia Roberts, JoAnn Buscaglia, Forensic Science International, 2015, February, Volume 247, pp 54-61. E-Published 12/4/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.11.021

Measuring What Latent Fingerprint Examiners Consider Sufficient Information for Individualization Determinations, Bradford T. Ulery, R. Austin Hicklin, Maria Antonia Roberts, JoAnn Buscaglia; Public Library of Science (PLoS) One, 2014, November, Vol 9, No 11, e110179. E-Published: 11/05/2014. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110179; February 6, 2015 Correction: PLoS ONE, Vol 10, No 2, e0118172. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0118172

A Novel Approach for Latent Print Identification Using Accurate Overlays to Prioritize Reference Prints, Daniel T. Gantz, Donald T. Gantz, Mark A. Walch, Maria Antonia Roberts, JoAnn Buscaglia; Forensic Science International, 2014, December, Vol 245, pp 162-170. E-Published 10/24/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.10.026

Evaluation of Commercial Kits for Dual Extraction of DNA and RNA from Human Body Fluids, Andrew J. Schweighardt, Courtney M. Tate, Kristina A. Scott, Kathryn A. Harper, James M. Robertson; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2015, January, Vol 60, No 1, pp157-165.. E-Published 10/05/2014. DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12586

In response to Haber and Haber, “Experimental Results of Fingerprint Comparison Validity and Reliability: A review and Critical Analysis,” R. Austin Hicklin, Bradford T. Ulery, JoAnn Buscaglia, Maria Antonia Roberts, Science and Justice, 2014, Vol 54, pp 390-391. E-Published 9/30/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.scijus.2014.06.007; Supplementary Information: Annex

Cathodoluminescence Dependence on Feldspar Mineral Structure and Implications for Forensic Geology, Sarah A. Brokus, Danielle K. Silletti, J. Mark Lunderberg, Paul A. DeYoung, Graham F. Peaslee, Dyanne E. Carpenter, JoAnn Buscaglia, American Mineralogist, 2015, February-March , Vol. 100, pp. 451-458. E-Published 9/3/2014. DOI: 10.2138/am-2015-4661

Forensic Discrimination of Copper Wire Using Trace Element Concentrations, Joshua R. Dettman, Alyssa A Cassabaum, Christopher P. Saunders, Deanna L Snyder, JoAnn Buscaglia; Analytical Chemistry, 2014,  Vol 86, Issue 16, pp 8176-8182.  E-Published 7/9/2014. DOI: 10.1021/ac5013514

Comprehensive Characterization of Commercially Available Canine Training Aids, Christopher A. Tipple, Patricia T. Caldwell, Brian M. Kile, Douglas J. Beussman, Blake Rushing, Natalie J. Mitchell, Christian J. Whitchurch, Martin Grime, Rex Stockham, Brian A. Eckenrode; Forensic Science International, 2014, September, Vol 242, pp 242–254. E-published 7/5/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.06.033

Assessment of Presentation Methods for ReFace Computerized Facial Approximations, Adam H. Richard, Connie L. Parks, Keith L. Monson; Forensic Science International,  2014, Vol 242, pp 283-292. E-Published 6/25/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.06.014

Accuracy of Standard Craniometric Measurements Using Multiple Data Formats, Adam H. Richard, Connie L. Parks, Keith L. Monson; Forensic Science International, 2014, Vol 242, pp 177-185. E-Published 6/25/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.06.015

Assessing PreCR Repair Enzymes for Restoration of STR Profiles from Artificially Degraded DNA for Human Identification, James M. Robertson, Shauna M. Dineen, Kristina A. Scott, Jonathan Lucyshyn, Maria Saeed, Devonie L. Murphy, Andrew J. Schweighardt, Kelly A. Meiklejohn; Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2014, Vol 12, pp 168-180. E-Published 6/16/2014. DOI:10.1016/j.fsigen.2014.05.011

Discovery of Syn-/Anti-Cocaine-N-Oxide Diastereomers in Unwashed Postmortem Hair via LC-MS-MS, Christine M. Marsh, Lindsey R. Crawley, Sarah K. Himes, Roman Aranda IV, Mark L. Miller; Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 2014, Vol 38, Issue 6, pp 360-367. E-Published 4/29/2014. DOI: 10.1093/jat/bku041

Internal Validation of Human Mitochondrial DNA Quantification Using Real-Time PCR, Marc L. Sprouse, Nicole R. Phillips, Mark F. Kavlick, Rhonda K. Roby; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2014,  Vol 59, pp 1049-1056. E-Published 4/7/2014. DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12477

Preliminary Assessment of Facial Soft Tissue Thickness Utilizing Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Models of Living Individuals, Connie L. Parks, Adam H. Richard, Keith L. Monson; Forensic Science International, 2014, Vol 237, pp 146.e1-146.e10. E-Published 1/21/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.12.043

2013

Chemical Analysis of Pharmaceuticals and Explosives in Fingermarks using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization/Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Kimberly Kaplan-Sandquist, Marc A. LeBeau, Mark L. Miller; Forensic Science International, 2014, Vol 235, February, pp 68-77.  E-Published 12/16/2013.  DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.11.016

Evaluation of DNAstableTM for DNA Storage at Ambient Temperature, Susanne Howlett, Hilda S. Castillo, Lora Gioeni, James Robertson, Joseph Donfack; Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2014, Vol 8, Issue 1, January, pp 170 - 178. E-Published 9/10/2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2013.09.003

Preliminary Performance Assessment of Computer Automated Facial Approximations Using Computed Tomography Scans of Living Individuals, Connie L. Parks, Adam H. Richard, Keith L. Monson; Forensic Science International, 2013, Vol 233, Issue 1-3, 12/10/2013, pp 133-139. E-Published 9/8/2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.08.031

Application of a High Surface Area Solid Phase Microextraction Air Sampling Device:  Collection and Analysis of Chemical Warfare Agent Surrogate and Degradation Compounds, Michael E. Stevens, Christopher A. Tipple, Philip A. Smith, David Cho, Robert V. Mustacich, Brian A. Eckenrode; Analytical Chemistry, 2013, Vol 85, No 18, pp 8626-8633. E-Published 8/1/2013. DOI: 10.1021/ac401033a

Forensic Analysis of Glass by µ-XRF, ICP-MS, SN-ICP_MS, LA-ICP-MS and LA-ICP-OES: Evaluation of the Performance of Different Criteria for Comparing Elemental  Composition, Tatiana Trejos, Robert Koons, Peter Weis, Stefan Becker, Ted Berman, Claude Dalpe, Marc Duecking, JoAnn Buscaglia, Tiffany Eckert-Lumsdon, Troy Ernst,  Christopher Hanlon, Alex Heydon, Kim Mooney, Randall Nelson, Kristine Olsson, Emily Schenk, Christopher Palenik, Edward Chip Pollock, David Rudell, Scott Ryland, Anamary Tarifa, Melissa Valadez, Andrew van Es, Vincent Zdanowicz, Jose Almirall ; Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectometry, 2013, Vol 28, No 8, August, pp1270-1282. E-Published 6/11/2013. DOI: 10.1039/c3ja50128k

Gaseous byproducts from high-temperature thermal conversion elemental analysis of nitrogen- and sulfur-bearing compounds with considerations for δ2H and δ18O analyses, Glendon B. Hunsinger, Christopher A. Tipple, Libby A. Stern; Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 2013, July, Vol 27, Issue 14, pp 1649-1659. E-published 6/10/2013.  DOI: 10.1002/rcm.6608

Cross-validation and Evaluation of the Performance of Methods for the Elemental Analysis of Forensic Glass by µ-XRF, ICP-MS, and LA-ICP-MS, Tatiana Trejos, Robert Koons, Stefan Becker, Ted Berman, JoAnn Buscaglia, Marc Duecking, Tiffany Eckert-Lumsdon, Troy Ernst, Christopher Hanlon, Alex Heydon, Kim Mooney, Randall Nelson, Kristine Olsson, Christopher Palenik, Edward Chip Pollock, David Rudell, Scott Ryland, Anamary Tarifa, Melissa Valadez, Peter Weis, Jose Almirall; Analytical Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2013, June, Vol 405, Issue 16, pp 5393-5409. E-published 5/15/2013.  DOI: 10.1007/s00216-013-6978-y 

The Microbial Rosetta Stone Central Agricultural Database:  An Information Resource on High Consequence Plant Pathogens, Sophia Kamenidou, Anne Simonson, Ravi Jain, Kumar Hari, James M. Robertson, Jacqueline Fletcher; Plant Disease, 2013, Vol 97, No 8, pp 1097-1102. E-Published 2/20/2013. DOI: 10.1094/PDIS-03-12-0263-RE

Understanding the Sufficiency of Information for Latent Fingerprint Value Determinations, Bradford T. Ulery, R. Austin Hicklin, George I. Kiebizinski, Maria Antonia Roberts, JoAnn Buscaglia; Forensic Science International, 2013, July, Vol 230, pp 99-106. E-Published 2/7/2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.01.012

Assessing the Clarity of Friction Ridge Impressions, R. Austin Hicklin, JoAnn Buscaglia, Maria Antonia Roberts; Forensic Science International, 2013, March, Vol 226, pp 106-117. E-Published 1/9/2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.12.015

2012

Signal-to-Noise Ratios in Forensic Glass Analysis by Micro X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, T. Ernst, T. Berman, J. Buscaglia, T. Eckert-Lumsdon, C. Hanlon, K. Olsson, C. Palenik, S. Ryland, T. Trejos, M. Valadez, J.R. Almirall; Journal of X-Ray Spectrometry, 2014, Vol 43, pp 13-21. E-Published 12/21/2012. DOI: 10.1002/xrs.2437

First All-in-One Diagnostic Tool for DNA Intelligence: Genome-wide Inference of Biogeographic Ancestry, Appearance, Relatedness, and Sex With The Identitas V1 Forensic Chip, Brendan Keating, Aruna T. Bansal, Susan Walsh, Jonathan Millman, Jonathan Newman, Kenneth Kidd, Bruce Budowle, Arthur Eisenberg, Joseph Donfack, Paolo Gasparini, Zoran Budimlija, Anjali K. Henders, Hareesh Chandrupatla, David L. Duffy, Scott D. Gordon, Pirro Hysi, Fan Liu, Sarah E. Medland, Laurence Rubin, Nicholas G. Martin, Timothy D. Spector, Manfred Kayser, on behalf of the International Visible Trait Genetics (VisiGen) Consortium; International Journal of Legal Medicine, 2013, May, Vol 127, Issue 3, pp 559-572. E-Published 11/13/2012. DOI: 10.1007/s00414-012-0788-1

Forensic Applications of Light-Element Stable Isotope Ratios of Ricinus communis Seeds and Ricin Preparations, Helen W. Kreuzer, Jason B. West, James R. Ehleringer; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2013, January, Vol. 58, No. S1, pp. S43-S51. E-Published 11/6/2012. DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12000

Trace Detection of Meglumine and Diatrizoate from Bacillus Spore Samples using Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, Catherine Swider, Kelly Maguire, Michael Rickenbach, Madeline Montgomery, Matthew Ducote, Craig Marhefka; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2012, July, Vol.57, No 4, pp 923-931. E-Published 4/26/2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2012.02128.x

Developmental Validation of RSIDTM-Semen: A Lateral Flow Immunochromatographic Strip Test for the Forensic Detection of Human Semen, Jennifer Old, Brett A Schweers, Pravat W. Boonlayangoor, Brian Fischer, Kevin W.P. Miller, Karl Reich; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2012, March, Vol 57, No 2, pp 489-499.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01968.x

Score-based Likelihood Ratios for Handwriting Evidence, Amanda B. Hepler, Christopher P. Saunders, Linda J. Davis, JoAnn Buscaglia; Forensic Science International, 2012. June, Vol 219, Issues 1-3, pp 129-140. E-published 1/30/2012. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.12.009

Repeatability and Reproducibility of Decisions by Latent Fingerprint Examiners, Bradford T. Ulery, R. Austin Hicklin, JoAnn Buscaglia, Maria Antonia Roberts; Public Library of Science (PLoS) One, 2012, 7(3): e32800. E-Published 3/12/2012. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032800

Radiation-Induced Cathodoluminescent Signatures in Calcite, Danielle K. Silletti, Sarah A. Brokus, Elly B. Earlywine, Joshua D. Borycz, Graham F. Peaslee, Paul A. DeYoung, Nickie J. Peters, J. David Robertson, JoAnn Buscaglia; Radiation Measurements, 2012, March, Vol 47, Issue 3, pp 195-200. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2011.12.005

Good Practice Guide for Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry, Editors: Jim Carter, Vicki Barwick. Contributors: Jim Carter, Claire Lock, Wolfram Meier-Augenstein, Helen Kemp, Sabine Schneiders, Libby Stern, Gerard van der Peijl; FIRMS, http://forensic-isotopes.org/gpg.html, 2011, ISBN 978-0-948926-31-0. E-Published 2/10/2012.

Determination of an Effective Housekeeping Gene for the Quantification of mRNA for Forensic Applications, Lilliana I. Moreno, Courtney M. Tate, Erika L. Knott, Jade E. McDaniel, Stephanie S. Rogers, Barbara W. Koons, Mark F. Kavlick, Rhonda L. Craig, and James M Robertson; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2012, July, Vol 57, No 4, pp 1051-1058. E-Published 2/6/2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2012.02086.x

Improved Accuracy in High-Temperature Conversion Elemental Analyzer δ18O Measurements of Nitrogen-Rich Organics, Glendon B. Hunsinger, Libby A. Stern; Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 2012, Vol 26, Issue 5, pp 554-562. E-Published 1/31/2012.  DOI: 10.1002/rcm.6132

Fatty Acids and Lipids, James M. Robertson, Christopher J. Ehrhardt, Jason Bannan; Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics, Chapter 3, 2012, pp 35-52, Humana Press. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-60327-219-3_3

2011

Using Subsampling to Estimate the Strength of Handwriting Evidence via Score-based Likelihood Ratios, Linda J. Davis, Christopher P. Saunders, Amanda Hepler, JoAnn Buscaglia; Forensic Science International, 2012, March, Vol 216, Issues 1-3, pp 146-157. E-Published 10/22/2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.09.013

Evaluation of mRNA Marker Specificity for the Identification of Five Human Body Fluids by Capillary Electrophoresis, Mara L. Lennard Richard, Kathryn A. Harper, Rhonda L. Craig, Anthony J. Onorato, James M. Robertson, Joseph Donfack; Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2012, July, Vol 6, No 4, pp 452-460. E-Published 10/15/2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.09.007

Developmental Validation of the SPERM HY-LITERTM Kit for the Identification of Human Spermatozoa in Forensic Samples, Kevin W.P. Miller, Jennifer Old, Brian R. Fischer, Brett Schweers, Simona Stipinaite, Karl Reich; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2011, July, Vol 56, No 4, pp 853-865.  DOI:  10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01796.x

Quantification of Human Mitochondrial DNA Using Synthesized DNA Standards, Mark F. Kavlick, Helen S. Lawrence, R. Travis Merritt, Constance Fisher, Alice Isenberg, James M. Robertson, Bruce Budowle; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2011, November, Vol 56, No 6, pp 1457-1463. E-Published 9/1/2011. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01871.x

Latent Fingerprint Quality: A Survey of Examiners, R. Austin Hicklin, Mark J. Burge, William Fellner, Matthew Monaco, Larry R. Pantzer, David Vera, Calvin C. Yeung, Ted N. Unnikumaran, JoAnn Buscaglia, Maria Antonia Roberts, Stephen B. Meagher; Journal of Forensic Identification, 2011, July/August, Vol 61, No 4, pp 385-417.

Forensic Utility of Carbon Isotope Ratio Variations in PVC Tape Backings, Marianne E. Dietz, Libby A. Stern, Andria Hobbs Mehltretter, Ashley Parish, Velvet McLasky, Roman Aranda IV; Science and Justice, 2012, Vol 52, pp 25-32. E-Published 7/5/2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.scijus.2011.05.003

Evaluation of Circular DNA Substrates for Whole Genome Amplification Prior to Forensic Analysis, Courtney M. Tate, Ada N. Nunez, Cori L. Goldstein, Iva Gomes, James M. Roberston, Mark F. Kavlick, Bruce Budowle; Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2012, Vol 6, Issue 2, pp 185-190. E-Published 05/11/2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.04.011

Accuracy and Reliability of Forensic Latent Fingerprint Decisions, Bradford T. Ulery, R. Austin Hicklin, JoAnn Buscaglia, Maria Antonia Roberts; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2011, May, Vol 108, No 19, pp 7733-7738. E-Published 04/25/2011. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1018707108; Raw Data Files

Effects of Radiation on Established Forensic Evidence Containment Methods, Caitlin E. Ferguson, Martine C. Duff, Elliot A. Clark, Glenn K. Chapman, Jeffrey L. Leggitt, Keith L. Monson; Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2011, Vol 288, No 2, pp 455-465. E-Published 1/12/2011. DOI: 10.1007/s10967-010-0952-3

Using Automated Comparisons to Quantify Handwriting Individuality, Christopher P. Saunders, Linda J. Davis, JoAnn Buscaglia; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2011, May, Vol 56, No 3, pp 683-689. E-Published 3/10/2011. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01713.x

Evaluation of Match Criteria Used for the Comparison of Refractive Index of Glass Fragments, Elizabeth Garvin, Robert D. Koons; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2011, March, Vol 56, No 2, pp 491-500. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01634.x

Analysis of Hydrogen Peroxide Field Samples by HPLC/FD and HPLC/ED in DC Mode, Megan Tarvin, Bruce McCord, Kelly Mount, Mark L. Miller; Forensic Science International, 2011, Vol 209, pp 166-172. E-Published 02/16/2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.01.024

Characterization of Children’s Latent Fingerprint Residues by Infrared Microspectroscopy: Forensic Implications, Diane Keith Williams, Corrie Brown, Justine Bruker; Forensic Science International, 2011, Vol 206, Issue 1, pp 161-165. E-Published 02/08/2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.07.033

2010

Optimization of Two Methods for the Analysis of Hydrogen Peroxide: High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection and High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Electrochemical Detection in Direct Current Mode, Megan Tarvin, Bruce McCord, Kelly Mount,  Katy Sherlach, Mark L. Miller; Journal of Chromatography A, 2010, November, Vol 1217, No 48, pp 7564-7572. E-Published 10/12/2010. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2010.10.022

Forensic Utility of Isotope Ratio Analysis of the Explosive Urea Nitrate and its Precursors, Roman Aranda IV, Libby A. Stern, Marianne E. Dietz, Meagan C. McCormick, Jason A. Barrow, Robert F. Mothershead II; Forensic Science International, 2011, Vol 206, pp 143-149. E-Published 08/21/2010. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.07.030

Using Gas Chromatography with Ion Mobility Spectrometry to Resolve Explosive Compounds in the Presence of Interferents, Greg W. Cook, Peter T. LaPuma, Gary L. Hook, Brian A. Eckenrode; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2010, November, Vol 55, No 6, pp 1582-1591. E-Published 08/23/2010. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01522.x

Evaluation of Commercial RNA Extraction Kits for the Isolation of Viral MS2 RNA from Soil, Shauna M. Dineen, Roman Aranda, Marianne E. Dietz, Douglas L. Anders, James M. Robertson; Journal of Virological Methods, 2010, September, Vol. 168, Issues 1-2, pp 44-50. E-Published 04/24/2010. DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2010.04.014

Analysis of Ascorbic Acid-Based Black Powder Substitutes by High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Electrospray Ionization Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Megan Bottegal, Lisa Lang, Mark Miller, Bruce McCord; Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 2010, Vol 24, pp 1377-1386. DOI: 10.1002/rcm.4520

A Statistical Validation of the Individuality and Repeatability of Striated Tool Marks: Screwdrivers and Tongue and Groove Pliers, Benjamin Bachrach, Anurag Jain, Sung Jung, Robert D. Koons; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2010, March, Vol 55, No 2, pp 348-357. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.01221.x

Use of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester Profiles for Discrimination of Bacillus cereus T-strain Spores Grown on Different Media, Christopher J. Ehrhardt, Vivian Chu, TeeCie Brown, Terrie L. Simmons, Brandon K. Swan, Jason Bannan, James M. Robertson; Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2010, March, Vol 76, No 6, pp 1902-1912. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02443-09

Discrimination and Phylogenomic Classification of Bacillus anthracis-cereus-thuringiensis Strains Based on LC-MS/MS Analysis of Whole Cell Protein Digests, Jacek P. Dworzanski, Danielle N. Dickinson, Samir V. Despande, A. Peter Synder, Brian A. Eckenrode; Analytical Chemistry, 2010, Vol 82, No 1, pp 145-155. DOI: 10.1021/ac9015648

An Evaluation  of Commercial DNA Extraction Kits for the Isolation of Bacterial Spore DNA from Soil, Shauna M. Dineen, Roman Aranda IV, Douglas L. Anders, James M. Robertson; Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2010, December, Vol 109, No 6, pp 1886-1896. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2010.04816.x

2009

Directly Heated High Surface Area Solid Phase Microextraction Sampler for Rapid Field Forensic Analyses, Scott A. Ramsey, Robert V. Mustacich, Philip A. Smith, Gary L. Hook, Brian A. Eckenrode; Analytical Chemistry, 2009, November, Vol 81, No 21, pp 8724-8733. DOI: 10.1021/ac900565s

Phylogeny and Molecular Taxonomy of the Bacillus subtilis Species Complex and Description of Bacillus subtilis subsp. inaquosorum subsp. nov., Alejandro P. Rooney, Neil P. J. Price, Christopher Ehrhardt, James L. Swezey, Jason D. Bannan; International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 2009, Vol. 59, pp 2429-2436. E-Published 7/21/2009. DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.009126-0

Characterization of the Volatile Organic Compounds Present in the Headspace of Decomposing Human Remains, Erin M. Hoffman, Allison M. Curran,  Nishan Dulgerian, Rex A Stockham, Brian A. Eckenrode; Forensic Science International, 2009, April, Vol 186, Issue 1, pp 6-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2008.12.022

Application of Circular Ligase to Provide Templates for Rolling Circle Amplification of Low Amounts of Fragmented DNA, Ada N. Nunez, Mark F. Kavlick, James M. Robertson, Bruce Budowle; Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on Human Identification, 2009, www.promega.com/~/media/files/resources/conference%20proceedings/ishi%2019
/oral%20presentations/nunez.pdf?la=en

Analysis of Titanium Dioxide in Synthetic Fibers Using Raman Microspectroscopy, Brandi C. Vann, S. Michael Angel, James E. Hendrix, Edward G. Bartick, Stephen L. Morgan; Applied Spectroscopy, 2009, April, Vol 63, Issue 4, pp 407-411. DOI: 10.1366/000370209787944389

Comparison and Evaluation of RNA Quantification Methods Using Viral, Prokaryotic, and Eukaryotic RNA Over a 104 Concentration Range, Roman Aranda IV, Shauna M. Dineen, Rhonda L. Craig, Richard A. Guerrieri, James M. Robertson; Analytical Biochemistry, 2009, Vol. 387, pp 122-127 . DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2009.01.003

2008

The Microbial Rosetta Stone:  A Database System for Tracking Infectious Microorganisms, Kumar L. Hari, Alan T. Goates, Ravi Jain, Aaron Towers, Vanessa S. Harpin, James M. Robertson, Mark R. Wilson, Vivek S. Samant, David J. Ecker, John A. McNeil, Bruce Budowle; International Journal of Legal Medicine, 2009, Vol. 123, pp 65-69. E-Published 2008. DOI: 10.1007/s00414-008-0247-1

Recovery Efficiencies of Anthrax Spores and Ricin from Nonporous or Nonabsorbent and Porous or Absorbent Surfaces by a Variety of Sampling Methods, Dody A. Frawley, Marian N. Samaan, Robert L. Bull, James M. Robertson, Alfred J. Mateczun, Peter C.B. Turnbull; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2008, September, Vol 53, No 5, pp 1102-1107. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00811.x

Odor Analysis of Decomposing Buried Human Remains, Arpad A. Vass, Rob R. Smith, Cyril V. Thompson, Michael N. Burnett, Nishan Dulgerian, Brian A. Eckenrode; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2008, March, Vol 53, No 2, pp 384-391. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00680.x

2007

Solid Phase Microextraction Sampling of High Explosive Residues in the Presence of Radionuclides and Radionuclide Surrogate Metals, M. Duff, S. Crump, R. Ray, W. Cotham, S. Lamont, D. Beals, K. Mount, R. Koons, J. Leggitt; Journal of Radioanalytical Nuclear Chemistry, 2008, Vol 275, No 3, pp 579-593. E-Published October 2007. DOI: 10.1007/s10967-007-7116-0

Infrared Spectroscopic Imaging for Noninvasive Detection of Latent Fingerprints, Nicole J. Crane, Edward G. Bartick, Rebecca Schwartz Perlman, Scott Huffman; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2007, Vol 52, No 1, pp 48-53. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00330.x

Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Domestic Dog:  Control Region Variation Within and Among Breeds, Rebekah L. Gundry, Marc W. Allard, Tamyra R. Moretti, Rodney L. Honeycutt, Mark R. Wilson, Keith L. Monson, David R. Foran; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2007, May, Vol 52, No 3, pp 562-572. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2007.00425.x

Applications of Cathodoluminescence in Forensic Science, Christopher S. Palenik, JoAnn Buscaglia; Chapter 6 in Forensic Analysis on the Cutting Edge - New Methods for Trace Evidence Analysis; R. Blackledge (editor), 2007, July, Wiley-Interscience Publisher, ISBN-10: 041716448. DOI: 10.1002/9780470166932.ch6

Latent Invisible Trace Evidence:  Chemical Detection Strategies, Gabor Patonay, Brian A. Eckenrode, James J. Krutak, Jozef Salon, Lucjan Strekowski; Chapter 5 in Forensic Analysis on the Cutting Edge - New Methods for Trace Evidence Analysis; R. Blackledge (editor), 2007, July, Wiley-Interscience Publisher, ISBN-10: 041716448. DOI: 10.1002/9780470166932.ch5

Discrimination of Forensic Analytical Chemical Data Using Multivariate Statistics, Stephen L. Morgan, Edward G. Bartick; Chapter 13 in Forensic Analysis on the Cutting Edge - New Methods for Trace Evidence Analysis; R. Blackledge (editor), 2007, July, Wiley-Interscience Publisher, ISBN-10: 041716448. DOI: 10.1002/9780470166932.ch13

2006

Extraction of Nuclear DNA from Bone of Skeletonized and Fluid-Preserved Museum Specimens, Bryan L. Stuart, Kerri A. Dugan, Marc W. Allard, Maureen Kearney; Systematics and Biodiversity, 2006, Vol 4, Issue 2, pp 133-136. DOI: 10.1017/S1477200005001891

A Blind Accuracy Assessment of Computer-Modeled Forensic Facial Reconstruction Using Computed Tomography Data From Live Subjects, Caroline M. Wilkinson, Chris Rynn, Heather Peters, Myke Taister, Chung How Kau, Stephen Richmond; Journal of Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology, 2006, Vol 2, Number 3,  pp 179-187. DOI: 10.1007/s12024-006-0007-9

Performance Evaluation of the Scent Transfer UnitTM (STU-100) for Organic Compound Collection and Release, Brian A. Eckenrode, Scott A. Ramsey, Rex A. Stockham, Gary J. Van Berkel, Keiji G. Asano, Dennis A. Wolf; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2006, Vol 51, No 4, pp 780-789. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00178.x

Bank Security Dye Packs: Synthesis, Isolation, and Characterization of Chlorinated Products of Bleached 1-(methylamino)anthraquinone, James M. Egan, Michael Rickenbach, Kim E. Mooney, Chris S. Palenik, Rebecca Golombeck, Karl T. Mueller; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2006, November , Vol 51, No 6, pp 1276-1283 . DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00295.x

Evaluation of Variation in Control Region Sequences for Hispanic Individuals in the SWGDAM mtDNA Data Set, Marc W. Allard, Deborah Polanskey, Mark R. Wilson, Keith L. Monson, Bruce Budowle; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2006, May, Vol 51, No 3, pp 566-573. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00136.x

Capillary Electrophoresis Screening of Poisonous Anions Extracted from Biological Samples, Robert Gillette, Janet M. Doyle, Mark L. Miller, Madeline E. Montgomery, George W. Mushrush; Journal of Chromatography B, 2006, February, Vol 831, Issue 1-2, pp 190-195. E-Published 1/6/2006. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2005.10.054

Review of the Scientific Basis for Friction Ridge Comparisons as a Means of Identification: Committee Findings and Recommendations, Bruce Budowle, JoAnn Buscaglia, Rebecca Schwartz-Perlman; Forensic Science Communications, 2006, January, Vol 8, No 1.

2005

The Identification of Mivacurium and Metabolites in Biological Samples, Madeline A. Montgomery, Marc A. LeBeau, Mark L. Miller, Rebecca A. Jufer; Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 2005, Vol 29, Issue 7, pp 637-642.

A Novel Method of Automated Skull Registration for Forensic Facial Approximation, Wesley D. Turner, Rebecca E. Brown, Timothy P. Kelliher, Peter H. Tu, Myke A. Taister, and Kevin W.P. Miller; Forensic Science International, 2005, November, Vol 154, No 2-3, pp 149-158. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.10.003

SNPsFinder: A Web-Based Application for Genome-Wide Discovery of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Microbial Genomes, Jian Song, Yan Xu, Scott White, Kevin W.P. Miller, Murray Wolinsky; Bioinformatics, 2005, May, Vol 21, No 9, pp 2083-2084. DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/bti176

Development and Evaluation of a Standard Method for the Quantitative Determination of Elements in Float Glass Samples by LA-ICP-MS, Christopher Latkoczy, Stefan Becker, Marc Ducking, Detlef Gunther, Jurian A. Hoogewerff, Jose R. Almirall, JoAnn Buscaglia, Andrew Dobney, Robert D. Koons, Shirly Montero, Gerard van der Peijl, Wilfried R.S. Stocklein, Tatiana Trejos, John R. Watling, Vincent S. Zdanowicz; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2005, Vol 50, No 6. DOI: 10.1520/jfs2005091

Characterization of Human Control Region Sequences of the African American SWGDAM Forensic MtDNA Data Set, Marc W. Allard, Deborah Polanskey, Kevin Miller, Mark R. Wilson, Keith L. Monson, Bruce Budowle; Forensic Science International, 2005, Vol 148, Issue 1-2, pp 169-179. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.06.001

Towards Smaller and Faster Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Systems for Field Chemical Detection, P. Smith, M. Sng, B. Eckenrode, S. Leow, D. Koch, R. Erickson, C. Lepage, G. Hook; Journal of Chromatography A, 2005, March, Vol 1067, Issues 1-2, pp 285-294. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2004.11.008

Forensic Analysis of Blue Ballpoint Pen Inks Using Capillary Electrophoresis, Jason D. Brewer, Kristin A. Hagan, James M. Egan; Forensic Science Communications, 2005, July, Vol 7, No 3.

Forensic Analysis of Black Ballpoint Pen Inks Using Capillary Electrophoresis, James M. Egan, Kristin A. Hagan, Jason D. Brewer; Forensic Science Communications, 2005, July, Vol 7, Number 3.

Forensic Significance of Bullet Lead Compositions, Robert D. Koons, JoAnn Buscaglia; Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2005, March, Vol 50, No 2, pp 341-351. DOI: 10.1520/JFS2004212