These crimes are not violent, but they are not victimless. White-collar crimes can destroy a company, wipe out a person's life savings, cost investors billions of dollars, and erode the public's trust in institutions.
The FBI's white-collar crime program focuses on analyzing intelligence and solving complex investigations—often with a connection to organized crime activities. Our white-collar crime investigations can be regional, national, and/or international.
The FBI works closely with partner law enforcement and regulatory agencies like:
- the Securities and Exchange Commission
- the Internal Revenue Service
- the U.S. Postal Inspection Service
- the Commodity Futures Trading Commission
- the Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
Health care fraud is not a victimless crime. It affects everyone—individuals and businesses alike—and causes tens of billions of dollars in losses each year. It can raise health insurance premiums, expose you to unnecessary medical procedures, and increase taxes.
Health care fraud can be committed by medical providers, patients, and others who intentionally deceive the health care system to receive unlawful benefits or payments.
The FBI is the primary agency for investigating health care fraud, for both federal and private insurance programs.
Money laundering is turning “dirty” money “clean” by making it look like money from crimes actually came from legitimate sources.
Money laundering allows criminals to:
- hide and accumulate wealth
- avoid prosecution
- avoid taxes
- increase profits through reinvestment
- fund further criminal activity
The FBI focuses its efforts on money laundering facilitation—targeting professional money launderers, key facilitators, gatekeepers, and complicit financial institutions, among others.
Criminals who engage in money laundering derive their proceeds through:
- Complex financial crimes
- Health care fraud
- Human trafficking
- International and domestic public corruption
- Narcotics trafficking
Criminals use a number of tools to launder money, including:
- Financial institutions
- International trade
- Precious metals
- Real estate
- Third party service providers
- Virtual currency
There are three steps in the money laundering process—placement, layering, and integration:
- Placement is the criminal entering money into the financial system.
- Layering is the most complex and often involves moving money internationally. Layering separates the criminal’s money from the original source and creates a complex audit trail through a series of financial transactions.
- Integration occurs when the criminal’s proceeds are returned to them from what appear to be legitimate sources.
The FBI regularly coordinates with other law enforcement agencies, international partners, and industry to detect and disrupt money laundering.
The creation of complex investment vehicles and the tremendous increase in the amount of money being invested have created greater opportunities for individuals and businesses to create fraudulent investment schemes.
To investigate and help prevent fraudulent activity in the financial markets, the Bureau works closely with various government and private organizations to investigate securities and commodities fraud.
Financial institution fraud happens when criminals target banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions. Many schemes involve compromising customers' accounts or personal information. Embezzlement and misapplication of funds are two common financial institution fraud crimes in FBI investigations. Sometimes, fraud can be severe enough to cause the failure of a bank or credit union.
Mortgage fraud happens when someone lies to influence a bank's mortgage decision or if a distressed homeowner is the victim of a fraud.
There are two areas of mortgage fraud:
- Fraud for profit: This type of fraud involves professionals in the home buying process stealing cash and equity from lenders and homeowners. These types of cases area priority for the FBI.
- Fraud for housing: This fraud happens when borrowers lie about their incomes or assets on a loan application or influence an appraiser to manipulate a property's value.
The FBI works with partners to investigate mortgage and financial institution fraud cases. The FBI participates in task forces that share intelligence, de-conflict cases, and create joint investigations.
Asset forfeiture is a powerful tool used by law enforcement agencies, including the FBI, against criminals and criminal organizations to deprive them of their ill-gotten gains through seizure of these assets.
A money mule is someone who transfers or moves illegally acquired money on behalf of someone else. Some money mules know they are supporting criminal enterprises; others are unaware that they are helping criminals profit. Don't be a mule.
White-Collar Crime News
- 12.01.2023 — Inside the FBI Podcast: Charity Scams
- 11.30.2023 — Man Charged in $148 Million Medicare and Medicaid Fraud Scheme
- 11.30.2023 — Baytown Woman Imprisoned After Embezzling Millions From Her Employer
- 11.30.2023 — Sugar Land Business Owner Imprisoned for Nine-Year Fraud Scheme
- 11.30.2023 — FBI Los Angeles Warns of Not So Merry Holiday Scams
- 11.30.2023 — East Feliciana Parish Man Pleads Guilty to Wire Fraud
- 11.29.2023 — Lynn Man Sentenced for Wire Fraud and Aggravated Identity Theft
- 11.29.2023 — Bangor Woman Sentenced for Stealing More Than $27,000 From Native American Tribal Organization
- 11.29.2023 — Florida Man Sentenced for Money Laundering
- 11.29.2023 — Jefferson Parish Woman Sentenced for Defrauding Buyer of Personal Protective Equipment