The National Stolen Art File (NSAF) is a database of stolen art and cultural property. Stolen objects are submitted for entry to the NSAF by law enforcement agencies in the U.S. and abroad. When an object is recovered, it is removed from the database. However, be aware that not all recoveries are reported to the NSAF. If you have information on a work of art in the NSAF, please use the FBI.gov tip line to report it.

National Stolen Art File

A listing of the paintings, statuary, and other forms of fine art in the FBI's database of stolen artwork and culturally-significant property.
  • Untitled

    Signed and with personal dedication. Dated 1970. DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: drawing---watercolour Maker: Rene Ricard Period: 1970 Materials: pencil on paper Measurements: Approximately 10" x 14"

  • Tianhuang Seal

    Inscribed on the underside "Shuang shao lou zhong ye du shu" and the carver's signature, Wang Fu'an

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-collectibles Maker: Wang Fu'an Period: 1930's, Qing Dynasty Materials: carved reddish-brown stone Measurements: height 5.08; width 2.51 cm; length 2.46

  • Unknown

    No image provided.

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Celeste Martin Measurements: 12" x 9"

  • Study for "Turbin"

    signed and dated in graphite

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: drawing---watercolour Maker: Franz Kline Period: 1958 Materials: gouache on paper Measurements: 11" height x 8 1/2" width

  • Ulysses

    signature, edition no., foundry stamp (ART or Tallix) on base

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: John Dreyfuss Period: 1992 Materials: cast bronze Measurements: length 63 in; width 66 in; weight 180 lbs

  • Mountain Landscape

    signed lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Paul Grimm Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: Approximately 24" x 30"

  • Mother and Child

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Savo Radulovic Period: 1962 Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 29 1/2 inches x 23 1/2 inches

  • Camellia granthamian

    signed Ho Mang Hang in lower left

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1980 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: width 19.75 in; height 14.88 in

  • Melastroma intermedia

    signed Ho Mang Hang in middle right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1985 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: width 24 in; height 18 in

  • Joie de Vivre

    limited edition of 75

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: Richard MacDonald Period: 1990s Materials: cast bronze Measurements: 15 1/2" height x 19 1/2" width x 24" diameter

  • Chinese Seal

    Inscription Shuang zhou lou yin on underside.

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-collectibles Maker: Wang Jingwei Period: 1930-1939, Qing Dynasty Materials: carved white jade Measurements: length 4.57 cm width 4.57 cm

  • Janet or No Name Portrait

    Frame is polished steel. Back of frame has gallery stamps. DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: drawing---watercolour Maker: Larry Rivers Period: ca 1967 Materials: graphite on paper Measurements: Approximately 18" x 20"

  • Sandow the Strong Man

    On back of base: No. 2212 -- Copyright 1894 by N. Muller's Son & Co. NY

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: N. Muller's Son & Co. Period: 1894 Materials: cast iron Measurements: 17" height

  • Zingiber officinale

    unsigned

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1980 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: width 13.5 in; height 10 in

  • Spring Rain

    signed lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Betty Esman Period: 1904-1966 Materials: mixed media on canvas Measurements: 14 inches x 12 inches

  • Liriodendron tulipifera

    signed Ho Mang Hang

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Hang Mang Ho Period: 1987 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 23.63 in; width 18 in

  • Seascape

    signed by artist on lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Alfredo Gomez Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 36" x 48"

  • Portrait of Robert Roebling

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: William Paxton Period: 1934 Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 49" x 39"

  • Ulysses -- Large

    signature, edition no. and foundry mark (ART or Tallix) marked on base

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: John Dreyfuss Period: 1992 Materials: cast bronze Measurements: length 264 in; width 48 in; weight 1695 lbs.

  • Portrait of Dorothy Roebling

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: William Paxton Period: 1934 Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 49" x 39"

  • Morinda Umbellate

    signed Ho Mang Hang beneath plant to right; "Morinda umbellate" followed by same in Chinese characters

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1983 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: length 10 in

  • Truman Goes on Vacation

    DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: drawing---watercolour Maker: Rube Goldberg Period: 1940 Materials: ink and whiteout on paper. Measurements: Approximately 12" x 18"

  • Bai Furong Seal

    inscribed "Shuang shao lou zhu ren" and signature of Zui shi Tang

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-collectibles Maker: Zui Shi Tang Period: 1930s, Qing Dynasty Materials: carved white stone Measurements: height 7.62 cm; width 1.52 cm; length 2.49 cm

  • The Guitar Player

    Signed lower left J. Zermati; label on back of frame "Alan Barnes Fine Art"

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Jules Zermati Period: 19th century Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 23" x 17 1/2"

  • Bremin’s Cog

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: John Dreyfuss Period: 1992 Materials: cast bronze Measurements: width 10 in; height 6 in; length 95 in; weight 350 lbs

  • Lonicera japonica and Rhus radicans

    signed Ho Mang Hang in lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1991 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 19.63 in; width 13.5 in

  • Flame-Coloured Deva

    signed "Benjamin Creme, 1976/77" lower right; edition #101/350 through #350/350 (250 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2007 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 24" x 19"

  • Shakti II

    signed "Benjamin Creme, 1964" lower right; edition #101/350 through #350/350 (250 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2005 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 28" x 21 3/4"

  • Camellia honkongensis

    unsigned; inscribed in pencil " Camellia hongkongensis"

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1990 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 15.5 in; width 11.75 in

  • Trident

    signature, edition no., foundry mark (ART or Tallix) on base

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: John Dreyfuss Period: 1992 Materials: cast bronze Measurements: length 74 in; width 32 in; height 14 in; weight 598 lbs.

  • Untitled

    DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Terry Winters Period: 2009-2010 Materials: Etching and drypoint on paper. Measurements: Approximately 14" x 10"

  • First Flight

    signed, edition no. and foundry mark (ART or Tallix) on base

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: John Dreyfuss Period: 1992 Materials: cast bronze Measurements: height 48 in; weight 385 lbs.

  • West

    Signed "F. Clemente", DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Francisco Clemente Period: 1990s Materials: Etching and aquatint on paper. Measurements: Approximately 20" x 30"

  • Wistful Dreams

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Barry Lee Darling Period: c. 2010 Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 78" height x 58" width

  • Paeonia suffruticosa

    signed Ho Mang Hang in lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1992 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: width 20 in; height 15 in

  • Ace of Spades

    Edition 63/150, makers mark S. Dali

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Salvador Dali Period: 1971 Materials: ink on paper with pencil signature Measurements: 26 inches x 20 inches

  • Ancient Moral

    signed "Creme" lower right; edition #101/350 through #350/350 (250 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2010 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 27 1/2" x 21"

  • Silkscreen for Flowers Print

    DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-arts-and-antiques Maker: Andy Warhol Period: mid 1960s Materials: photo on silkscreen Measurements: 36" x 36"

  • Manglietia fordiana

    signed Ho Mang Hang lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1988 Materials: water color and pencil on paper Measurements: width 15 in; height 20 in

  • Polarity

    signed "Benjamin Creme, 1973" lower right; edition #101/350 through #350/350 (250 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2006 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 28 1/8" x 19"

  • Invocation

    signed "Benjamin Creme, 1964" lower right; edition #151/350 through #350/350 (200 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2003 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 28 1/2" x 19"

  • Pre-Columbian Stone Bears

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: Salado from Kwilleylekia Ruins Period: c. 1300 AD Materials: stone Measurements: Approximately 5 or 6" in height; approximately 5-6 " in diameter

  • Oracle

    signed "Benjamin Creme, 1964-84" lower right; edition #73/350 through #350/350 (278 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2001 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 21" x 27 1/4"

  • South Carolina Sword of State

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: blades Period: Early 18th century Materials: Steel blade; silver hilt Measurements: Total length: 50 inches; blade length: 42 inches; hilt length 8 inches. All measurements are approximate.

  • Mussaenda erosa

    signed Ho Mang Hang in lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1986 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 20 in; width 14.88 in

  • Swarm Intelligence 1

    Signed by the artist on the back overlap and dated 2008

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Christoph Hueppi Period: 2008 Materials: acrylic on canvas Measurements: 39" x 47"

  • Letter to the Countess of Huntingdon

    Page has "B-82" in pencil at top of page.

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-arts-and-antiques Maker: Charles Wesley Period: May 30, 1755 Materials: 18th century handmade laid paper Measurements: Approximately 20 cm x 14.5 cm

  • Euphorbia pulcherrima (Poinsettia)

    signed Ho Mang Hang lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1984 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: length 10 in; width 8.25 in

  • Musical Automata

    Pastoral setting with figures and birds under a gilded palm tree.

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: clock---timepiece Maker: Frisard Bienne and Jaquet Droz Period: c. 1794 Materials: bronze and steel Measurements: 5" diameter; 7" height

  • Misty Morning

    signed on leftside

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Jim Wodark Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 36" x 24"

  • Classical Landscape with Figures

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: French or Italian Baroque Period: 17th-18th c. French or Italian Baroque Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: Approximately 60" x 72"

  • Soul Infusion

    signed "Benjamin Creme, 1966" lower right; edition #151/350 through #350/350 (200 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2004 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 28" x 22 3/4"

  • Two Horses (Deux Chevaux)

    Artist's estate signature stamp in red in lower left recto. Light mat-staining just outside the image.

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: drawing---watercolour Maker: Edgar Degas Period: c. 1871 Materials: black and red chalk on off-white paper Measurements: 19 cm x 28 cm

  • First Station of the Cross

    at bottom of the painting "PRIM ESTACION"

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: 19th century Materials: oil on copper Measurements: 35 cm length x 25 cm height

  • Tianhuang Seal

    Inscribed "Shuang zhou lou"

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-collectibles Maker: Wang Fu'an Period: 1930's, Qing Dynasty Materials: carved red stone Measurements: height 5.08 cm; width 1.96 cm; length 2.79 cm

  • Phaseolus vulgaris

    signed Ho Mang Hang

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1998 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 24 in; width 18 in

  • Open Mandala

    signed "Benjamin Creme, 1972" lower right; edition #221/350 through #350/350 (130 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2008 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 28" x 21"

  • Sleep Marcel

    limited edition of 175

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: Richard MacDonald Period: 1990s Materials: cast bronze Measurements: 17" height x 9" width x 8" diameter

  • Study for O'Hara Painting

    Signed and dated, Rivers 1954. Small tear in upper left corner. DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: drawing---watercolour Maker: Larry Rivers Period: 1954 Materials: graphite on paper Measurements: Approximately 20" x 24"

  • Dymaxion Map

    Labeled Buckminister Fuller's Dymaxion Map. DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: poster Maker: Matthew Day Jackson Period: 2009-2010 Materials: Paper map with roofing tar. Measurements: Approximately 24" x 36"

  • Pair of Tian Bai Seals

    inscribed seal #1 "Chen Bijun yin"; seal #2 inscribed "Bing ru"

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-collectibles Maker: Chinese Period: 1930s, Qing Dynasty Materials: Tian Bai carved stone. Measurements: height 6.35 cm; length 1.65 cm; width 1.65 cm

  • Mandala IV

    signed "Benjamin Creme, 1968" lower right; edition #101/350 through #350/350 (250 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2002 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 28 3/4" x 17 1/2"

  • Mending Fences

    signed

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Andrew Wyeth Period: 1960 Materials: water color on paper Measurements: 22 inches x 30 inches

  • Sunkissed Slopes

    signed lower right; signed, dated and titled on back

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Paul Grimm Period: 1936 Materials: oil on board Measurements: 16" x 20"

  • Staff of Asclepius

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: Mary Ann Lohman Period: 1960s Materials: anodized aluminum (cast) Measurements: approximately 8 ft long

  • Hibiscus mutabilis

    signed Ho Mang Hang in lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1999 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 24 in; width 18 in

  • California Morning

    signed lower right

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Alfredo Gomez Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 24" x 36"

  • Target

    Labeled on back from the Paul Kasmin Gallery. DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Peter Schuyff Period: 1990s Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: Approximately 36" x 36"

  • Amati Violin

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: string-instruments Maker: Hieronymus and Antonius Amati Period: c. 1622 Materials: wood Measurements: 13 7/8" length of back

  • Portrait of Arnold Weinstein

    Signed on back. DE106

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: photograph Maker: Andres Serrano Period: 2003 Materials: cibachrome print Measurements: Approximately 20" x 24"

  • La Femme Angora

    signed in pencil with a dedication "pour Hector"

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: print Maker: Joan Miro Period: 1969 Materials: etching with acquatint and carborundum printed in colors Measurements: 39" height x 23 1/2" width

  • Misty Morning

    signed by artist on lower left

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Alfredo Gomez Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 24" x 36"

  • Colt First Model Dragoon

    serial number 5252

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: guns Maker: Colt Period: 1850s Materials: wood and metal

  • Chinese Seal

    Inscribed on the underside: "Bai lu fei xian shi, qing tian ru kuang huai"; and signature of carver Qi Baishi

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-collectibles Maker: Qi Baishi Period: 1930's; Qing Dynasty Materials: carved white stone Measurements: height 7.62 cm; length 3.8 cm; width 2.08 cm

  • Come to Our Party

    signed Larry Rivers

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: drawing---watercolour Maker: Larry Rivers Period: 1980s Materials: colored pencil on paper Measurements: Approximately 10" x 12"

  • Viscum spp

    signed Ho Mang Hang

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1980 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 11.25 in; width 9 in

  • Within the Gates

    signed "Creme" lower right; edition #101/350 through #350/350 (250 prints stolen)

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: altar Maker: Benjamin Creme Period: 2009 Materials: lithograph Measurements: 28" x 16 1/4"

  • Smilax china

    signed Ho Mang Hang in lower right corner

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1980 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 11.31 in; width 8 in

  • Chinese Seal

    Inscribed in relief on underside "Gu ren meng li liang yi yi" and signature of Tang zui shi

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-collectibles Maker: Tang zui shi Period: 1930s, Qing Dynasty Materials: carved white stone Measurements: height 7.62 cm; width 2.08 cm; length 3.81 cm

  • Ilex aquifolium

    signed Ho Mang Hang

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Mang Hang Ho Period: 1984 Materials: watercolor and pencil on paper Measurements: height 10.5 in; width 8.25 in

  • American Decoy

    signature, edition no., foundry mark (ART or Tallix) on base

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: John Dreyfuss Period: 1992 Materials: cast bronze Measurements: height 38 in; length 51 in; width 21 in; weight 450 lbs

  • Kitchen Appliance or How to Make Good on the Feelings of Conflict in Your Soul

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: Vanessa German Period: 2013 Materials: doll, plaster, glue, tar, shell, toy Measurements: 47 x 12 x 11 1/2 in

  • Pairpoint Lamp

    lamp

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: lamp Maker: Pairpoint

  • Two Knights Hunting | Deux chasseurs

    painting noblemen; dog

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: 18th century Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 265.00 x 157.00 cm, frame: 1 in

  • Portrait of Cardinal Odescalchi

    painting cardinal

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: End of 18th Century Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 95.00 x 72.00 cm

  • Russian Tsar Nicholas II | Le Tsar Nicolas II de Russie

    painting Tsar

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: 19th Century Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 70.00 x 85.00 cm

  • Old Man With Blue Eyes | Vieil homme aux yeux bleus

    painting man Signature on bottom right: "Nagy S. 1933"

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: paintings Maker: Sandor Nagy Period: 1933 Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 28.50 x 38.50 cm

  • Lady with Diadem and Necklace | Dame au diademe et collier

    painting portrait; right facing; woman; brunette; tiara

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: 1800-1850 Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 60.50 x 75.70 cm

  • Portrait of Countess Marija Eltz | Portrait de la Comtesse Marija Eltz

    painting Countess

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: 1800-1850 Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 58.00 x 72.00 cm

  • Woman with a Red Turban | Femme au turban rouge

    painting woman

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: 1900-1950 Materials: oil on board Measurements: 42.00 x 53.50 cm

  • The Adoration of the Magi | L'adoration des Mages

    painting religious; Jesus Christ; Virgin Mary; Joseph; Magi

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: 17th Century Materials: oil on marble, gilt, wood Measurements: 47.50 x 49.30 cm

  • Biblical Theme | Scene biblique

    painting religious; women

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: paintings Period: 1900-1950 Materials: oil on canvas Measurements: 53.50 x 50.50 cm

  • Backcountry Bows

    sculpture fish Work is signed. #3/32

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: Ott Jones Period: 1995 Materials: bronze Measurements: 15 x 14 in

  • High Hopes

    sculpture boy; baseball The piece is 3/20 @ 95 on the bat etched "McGonagle High Hopes"

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: McGonagle Period: 1995 Materials: bronze Measurements: 40 x 17 x 17 in

  • Roman Marble Head

    bust woman Inventory No: 79-176

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: sculpture Maker: Roman Period: 200 B.C.-400 A.D. Materials: marble Measurements: 24.00 x 21.00 x 10.00 cm

  • Koran

    manuscript Islam

    Incident Type: Stolen Crime Category: other-arts-and-antiques Period: 9th Century Materials: parchment Measurements: 25.00 x 17.60 cm

  • Roman Funerary Stele

    funerary stele funeral; woman; man

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-arts-and-antiques Maker: Roman Period: 2nd Century Materials: marble Measurements: 100.00 x 100.00 x 26.00 cm

  • Roman Funerary Stele

    funerary stele funeral; geometric

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-arts-and-antiques Maker: Roman Period: 200-400 AD Materials: stone Measurements: 80.00 x 40.00 cm

  • Inscribed Roman Monument

    building stone Greek Greek inscription carved on the front with a crown of leaves below it.

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-arts-and-antiques Maker: Roman Period: 200-400 AD Materials: stone Measurements: 50.00 x 35.00 cm

  • Ottoman Funerary Stele

    funerary stele funeral

    Incident Type: stolen Crime Category: other-arts-and-antiques Maker: Ottoman Period: 1316 Materials: marble Measurements: 40.00 cm, y: 30.00 cm