Active Shooter Attack Prevention and Preparedness (ASAPP)

What is Active Shooter Attack Prevention and Preparedness (ASAPP)?

Active Shooter Attack Prevention and Preparedness (ASAPP) is a two-hour course created by the FBI Office of Partner Engagement’s Violence Reduction Unit.

The goal of ASAPP training is to empower participants with the knowledge and skills necessary to survive an active shooter incident in any environment (i.e., an office, shopping center, house of worship, school, or government building). ASAPP combines lessons learned from years of research into active shooter incidents with interactive training techniques to create a concise, impactful, and relevant course.

During the course, attendees actively participate in a live and informative multimedia presentation. Additionally, they observe in-person demonstrations, then complete two scenarios to practice the decision-making process and actions necessary to survive an active shooter incident.

Participants learn why federal agencies chose the “Run, Hide, Fight” protocol as the national standard for civilian response to an active shooter incident. 

Participants learn “Run, Hide, Fight” techniques and have the opportunity to practice them, reinforcing training principles.

They also learn and practice procedures to control bleeding and otherwise assist the injured until proper medical care becomes available. This interactive, options-based training helps participants remember lifesaving techniques if they are faced with such an attack.

Based on the nature of this course, the maximum class size is 40 participants. Experienced instructors are on-hand to ensure the training is conducted in a safe environment. No real or fake firearms are used during the scenarios. This course is carefully designed to instruct and teach without causing fear or apprehension.


  • Wherever you go, be aware of alternate exits.
  • Quickly and cautiously evacuate in a direction away from the attacker.
  • Don’t hesitate. Seconds matter.
  • Remember windows and emergency exits.
  • Leave belongings behind. Keep empty hands raised and clearly visible.
  • Follow all instructions from the police.
  • Don’t stop until you are sure you have reached a safe location.


  • If there is no safe escape route, find a good hiding place.
  • Lock and barricade the door.
  • Silence cell phones.


  • Fight only as a last resort.
  • Use available objects as improvised weapons.
  • Use teamwork and surprise. A coordinated ambush can incapacitate an attacker.
  • You are fighting for your life. Don't fight fair!