Quality Assurance Standards for Convicted Offender DNA Databasing Laboratories: Part 1 by DNA Advisory Board, April 1999
July 2000 - Volume 2 - Number 3
DNA Advisory Board
(Part 1 of 2)
Forensic DNA identification analysis currently involves forensic casework and convicted offender analyses. These complementary functions demand adherence to the highest analytical standards possible to protect both public safety and individual rights. Separate standards have been drafted for laboratories performing these functions. This separation is an acknowledgment of the differences in the nature or type of sample, the typical sample quantity and potential for reanalysis, and specialization that may exist in a laboratory. Standards for convicted offender laboratories, in some instances, are less stringent than for those performing forensic casework analyses, but in no case should the two documents be interpreted as conflicting.
This document consists of definitions and standards. The standards are quality assurance measures that place specific requirements on the laboratory. Equivalent measures not outlined in this document may also meet the standard if determined sufficient through an accreditation process.
Mechanism to Recommend Changes to Standards
Once the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has issued standards for quality assurance for convicted offender DNA testing, the DNA Advisory Board may recommend revisions to such standards to the FBI Director, as necessary. In the event that the duration of the DNA Advisory Board is extended beyond March 10, 2000, by the FBI Director, the Board may continue to recommend revisions to such standards to the FBI Director. In the event that the DNA Advisory Board is not extended by the FBI Director after March 10, 2000, the Technical Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods (TWGDAM) may recommend revisions to such standards to the FBI Director, as necessary.
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DNA Advisory Board. Quality assurance standards for forensic DNA testing laboratories (approved July 1998), Forensic Science Communications (July 2000) 2. Available at: www.fbi.gov/programs/lab/fsc/current/codis2.htm
International Standards Organization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). ISO/IEC Guide 25-1990. American National Standards Institute, New York, 1990.
Technical Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods. Guidelines for a quality assurance program for DNA analysis, Crime Laboratory Digest (1995) 22(2):21–43.
Title 42 CFR Chapter IV, Health Care Financing Administration. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC, 1996.