Rosita Vilchez is wanted for her alleged involvement in a fraudulent scheme that victimized financial institutions, as well as prospective homeowners, in the Northern Virginia area. From approximately August 2005 to November 2007, Vilchez and her co-conspirators operated a real estate agency, Vilchez and Associates, based in Manassas, Virginia. It is alleged that Vilchez and her co-conspirators submitted fraudulent information to financial institutions in support of residential real estate mortgage applications, making it possible for the borrowers to qualify for loans they could not afford to repay. Vilchez and her co-conspirators allegedly profited from the numerous transactions they arranged by collecting millions of dollars in commissions. The financial institutions suffered many millions of dollars in losses when they were forced to foreclose.
On September 6, 2012, Vilchez was indicted by the United States District Court, Eastern District of Virginia, for bank fraud, conspiracy to commit bank fraud, and operating a continuing financial crimes enterprise. On September 7, 2012, a federal warrant was issued for Vilchez's arrest.
Vilchez is a United States citizen, but she is believed to have moved her family to Peru permanently in 2010. Vilchez continued to offer real estate services to residents of Northern Virginia from Peru until as recently as 2013.