Advancing Community Policing
A recent release from the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, Advancing Community Policing Through Community Governance, offers a collaborative approach to local governance in responding to community problems and issues. The publication reveals that as law enforcement agencies strengthen and advance their community policing efforts, they often call on their colleagues in other departments of their own city government to assist with problem-solving efforts in the community. Many city administrators and elected officials also are seeking ways to increase community involvement in local government matters in a more systematic way that results in a more transparent government structure that stresses accountability and responsiveness to the community. Cities that pursue these collective efforts are beginning to adopt a philosophical approach to local governance referred to as community governance, which is collaborative across agencies and service oriented. Advancing Community Policing Through Community Governance details the community governance philosophy and describes its implementation in five communities across the country. The report (NCJ 227601) can be accessed at the National Criminal Justice Reference Service’s website, http://www.ncjrs.gov.
Police Recruitment and Retention
The RAND Center on Quality Policing convened a national summit on police recruitment and retention in the contemporary urban environment in June 2008. This summit, supported by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services and the National Institute of Justice, brought nearly 60 participants together to discuss the challenges of recruiting and retaining of officers. Speakers discussed changing police workforce issues, strategies being employed, lessons that could be learned from other organizations, such as the military, and in-depth analyses of police recruiting and retention in selected cities. The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services report Police Recruitment and Retention in the Contemporary Urban Environment summarizes presentations, discussions, and opinions offered by panelists at the summit. For further information, access the document (NCJ 227663) at the National Criminal Justice Reference Service’s website, http://www.ncjrs.gov.
National Summit on Intelligence: Gathering, Sharing, Analysis, and Use After 9-11, an Office of Community Oriented Policing Services report, contains findings from a November 2007 summit that addressed challenges encountered in sharing criminal intelligence. The report indicates that since September 11, 2001, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies have made great strides in their ability to share intelligence, which is a critical factor in the continuing effort to prevent terrorist attacks. However, the full benefits of intelligence sharing have not yet been realized because the process itself remains a mystery to many police officers, and some law enforcement executives consider their agencies too small or too remote to participate in criminal intelligence sharing. The report includes eight recommendations on how law enforcement agencies can share information and intelligence seamlessly while protecting privacy and civil rights. Readers can access the report (NCJ 227676) at the National Criminal Justice Reference Service’s website, http://www.ncjrs.gov.
NIJ Helps Police to Exchange Driver’s License Photos, an In Short from the National Institute of Justice, describes the pilot project to transmit driver’s license photographs across state lines and deliver the photos to an officer’s computer within seconds of a request. Law enforcement agents often need to confirm the identity of someone not carrying a driver’s license or other form of identification. Adding the capability to view a photo increases an officer’s ability to make a positive identification, helps keep officers safe, and sometimes eliminates the need to detain an individual simply for identification purposes. NIJ partnered with law enforcement agencies in North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, and Virginia in 2008 to begin this endeavor, which is the first significant advance in the exchange of driver’s license information since 1969 when states began making such information accessible to police officers. Readers can obtain additional information by accessing the report (NCJ 225801) at the National Criminal Justice Reference Service’s website, http://www.ncjrs.gov.