Home News Stories 2013 August Robert S. Mueller Set to Step Down as FBI Director Post-9/11 Timeline of Major Cases

Post-9/11 Timeline of Major Cases

Post-9/11 Timeline of Major Cases

2001

September

Ana Montes, an employee of the Defense Intelligence Agency, is charged in a FBI complaint with conspiracy to deliver U.S. national defense information to Cuba. 

December

FBI opens investigation of collapse of Enron. The five-year investigation was at the time the largest and most complex white-collar cases in FBI history. 

December

Ten Most Wanted fugitive Clayton Lee Waagner is arrested in Springdale, Ohio. A copy center clerk recognized him from a photo on a wanted poster and called police. He was found guilty two years later of making threats to employees of reproductive clinics. 

2002

July

Enron Corp. chairman and CEO Kenneth L. Lay is charged with conspiracy, securities fraud, wire fraud, bank fraud and making false statements. Lay was convicted in 2006 and died while awaiting sentencing. 

August

Air Force intelligence officer Brian P. Regan is arrested for stealing classified materials from the National Reconnaissance Office. He had buried the materials in Virginia with the intention of selling them to Saddam Hussein or the Chinese government. The FBI dug up the materials after Regan’s plea agreement in 2003. 

2003

June

Martha Stewart is charged with securities fraud and conspiracy, obstruction of justice and making false statements to federal agents. In 2004, she served a five-month prison sentence for obstruction and false statements. 

November

FBI initiates first phase of “Operation Peer Pressure,” an effort to combat the proliferation of child pornography and child exploitation. Forty-one FBI field offices were involved, conducting online sessions in which undercover agents were able to download child pornography from offenders’ computers. 

November

Former HealthSouth CEO Richard Scrushy charged in an 85-count indictment stemming from a wide-ranging scheme to defraud investors, the public and the U.S. government about HealthSouth’s financial condition. 

2004

January

A 20-count indictment charges 27 members and associates of the Bonanno crime family in New York with wide-ranging racketeering and murder charges going back more than a decade. 

September

Nicholas Tombros pleads guilty to sending spam by the thousands while “war driving” through neighborhoods of Marina Del Rey, earning him the dubious honor of being the first spammer convicted under federal law. 

October

The largest case of identity theft to date is investigated and prosecuted in the U.S., with 30,000 victims across the U.S. and Canada and millions of dollars in losses. 

2005

February

FBI unveils new Art Crime Team with the return to Iraq of ancient stone seals stolen during the looting in Baghdad that followed the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003. 

July

Sixty-three individuals convicted in “Operation Bullpen,” part of the FBI’s ongoing, national investigation of forgers and counterfeiters. Seizures exceeded $4.9 million, including five homes, cash, bank accounts, jewelry, a Ferrari, a boat, and a Harley Davidson motorcycle. 

September

In response to Hurricane Katrina, FBI personnel help local authorities maintain order while Evidence Response Teams and the Hazardous Material Response Unit helped deal with such things as toxins in the flood waters and downed live power lines. The FBI would go on to play a major investigative role uncovering scores of fraud schemes that emerged following the natural disaster. 

December

FBI and other federal agencies announce the results of “Operation Quick Flip,” an ongoing initiative to combat the growing epidemic of mortgage fraud. 

2006

March

Former NSA employee Kenneth Wayne Ford sentenced for unauthorized possession of national defense information. He tried to sell national secrets to foreign agents. 

May

FBI opens investigation into assassination attempt on President George W. Bush during a speech in T’bilisi, Georgia. The man’s hand-grenade failed to detonate. At the request of the Georgian government, agents collected evidence and worked the crime scene. The suspect, Vladimir Arutyunia, was convicted in January 2007. 

July

Gambino crime family acting boss and official underboss Arnold Squitieri is sentenced to 92 months’ imprisonment, following conviction on racketeering and extortion charges. 

July

Two men plead guilty for conspiring to steal and sell Coca Cola trade secrets. The case involved an undercover FBI operation. 

August

Warren Steed Jeffs, leader of a polygamous sect and one of the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted Fugitives, is arrested during a routine traffic stop in Las Vegas. 

2007

January

Former Congressman Robert W. Ney is sentenced on multiple charges including honest services fraud and making false statement to the U.S. House of Representatives.

January

Former Ku Klux Klan member James Ford Seal is indicted in Mississippi on charges related to his role in the abductions and slayings of two young African American men in 1964.

June

Operation Bot Roast, a coordinated initiative to disrupt and dismantle the perpetrators of massive botnets, identifies about 1 million compromised computers in the U.S. and leads to cyber-crimes charges. 

August

Eighteen individuals are indicted on racketeering and related charges for allegedly operating an Internet business that generated more than $126 million in gross revenues from the illegal sale of prescription pharmaceuticals. 

2008

April

Customs and Border Protection official Margarita Crispin is sentenced to 240 months in prison for conspiring to import drugs into the U.S. 

April

“Tennessee Waltz” corruption investigation culminates with convictions or guilty pleas of a dozen state and local public officials, and the emergence of new state ethics laws and the creation of an independent ethics commission in Tennessee. 

September

Former lobbyist Jack A. Abramoff is sentenced on corruption and fraud charges for corruptly providing things of value to public officials with the intent to influence them. He was sentenced to 48 months in prison and ordered to pay $23,134,695 in restitution to victims. 

October

FBI and its global partners wrap up “Operation Dark Market,” a two-year undercover cyber operation resulting in 56 arrests worldwide and the prevention of $70 million in potential losses. 

December

“Operation Joint Hammer” the U.S. component of an ongoing global enforcement operation targeting transnational rings of child pornographers, announces arrests of more than 60 people in the U.S. involved in the trade of child pornography. 

2009

April

Indictments are announced in connection with the “Dream Homes Program.” The program promised to pay homeowners’ mortgages in return for an up-front fee that would be invested in profitable business ventures but turned into a $70 million nightmare for more than 1,000 investors.

June

Bernard L. Madoff is sentenced to 150 years in prison for perpetrating a Ponzi scheme that resulted in billions of dollars of losses to thousands of investor-victims. 

September

In the largest-ever health care fraud settlement, pharmaceutical giant Pfizer agrees to pay $2.3 billion to resolve charges of illegal and fraudulent promotion of its products. 

October

As part of the FBI’s Innocence Lost National Initiative, 100 children victimized through prostitution are recovered in two separate multi-city sweeps. More than 1,200 individuals—including 60 pimps—were arrested on state and local charges.

November

Former Louisiana Congressman William J. Jefferson is sentenced to 13 years in prison for bribery, racketeering, and money laundering. He is also ordered him to forfeit more than $470,000. 

November

Four hackers are charged with masterminding the simultaneous theft of $9 million from 2,100 ATMs from around the world. They did it all in 12 hours, illustrating the global reach—and threat—of cyber crime. 

November

A former State Department official and his wife pled guilty to federal charges stemming from their roles in a 30-year conspiracy to provide classified U.S. national defense information to the Republic of Cuba. 

2010

June

Nearly 500 people—from industry insiders to straw buyers—are arrested in a multi-agency nationwide mortgage fraud takedown. Total losses from a variety of fraud schemes were estimated to exceed $2 billion. 

July

Ten Russians who had lived seemingly normal lives in the U.S. plead guilty to being spies and agree to leave the country immediately. They had been arrested a month earlier after a lengthy undercover operation. 

October

Seventy-three defendants—including associates of an Armenian-American organized crime group— are indicted in five states in one of the largest Medicare fraud cases to date. Fraudulent billings and other related crimes totaled more than $163 million. 

October

FBI launches massive public corruption takedown in San Juan, Puerto Rico, arresting 133 subjects—the majority of them police officers. 

November

Harold Nicholson, a former CIA employee, pleads guilty to the crimes of conspiracy to act as an agent of a foreign government and conspiracy to commit international money laundering. 

November

A Somali man is sentenced in Virginia to acts of piracy against the USS Ashland in April. The man and five Somali accomplices believed the ship—cruising in the Gulf of Aden—was a merchant vessel, and they attempted to seize it and hold it for ransom. 

2011

January

FBI agents and partner law enforcement officers arrest nearly 130 members of the Mafia in New York City and other East Coast cities charged in the largest nationally coordinated organized crime takedown in the Bureau’s history. 

March

Thirty-five leaders, members, and associates of Barrio Azteca, one of the most brutal gangs operating along the U.S.-Mexico border, are charged in a federal indictment in Texas with various counts of racketeering, murder, drug offenses, money laundering, and obstruction of justice. 

March

Jared Lee Loughner is indicted for the murder of a federal judge and a Congressional staff member, as well as for causing the deaths of four other participants and injuries to many more during his alleged attempt to assassinate U.S. Representative Gabrielle D. Giffords on January 8.

May

Norberto Gonzalez-Claudio, a fugitive for 25 years, is arrested in Cayey, Puerto Rico. He was wanted in connection with his participation in the armed robbery of approximately $7 million from a Wells Fargo Depot in Connecticut.

May

New York billionaire Raj Rajaratnam is convicted in the largest-ever hedge fund insider trading scheme. The managing member of Galleon Management, Rajaratnam and others engaged in overlapping conspiracies to commit securities fraud. 

2012

October

The president of a Costa Rican company that sold reinsurance bonds was sentenced to 60 years in prison for carrying out a half-billion-dollar fraud scheme that affected more than 3,500 victims throughout the United States and abroad.

October

Former CIA officer John Kiriakou pled guilty to revealing the identity of a covert CIA agent and other classified material to a journalist.

November

Anthony L. Dinunzio, the acting leader of the New England La Cosa Nostra crime family, was sentenced to 78 months in prison for his role in a racketeering conspiracy to extort protection payments from adult entertainment businesses in Rhode Island.

2013

February

Former Congressman Jesse L. Jackson Jr., and his wife pled guilty to charges of misusing campaign funds to pay for a range of personal items and expenses, including jewelry, high-end electronics, and a home renovation project.

February

The FBI’s Hostage Rescue Team, crisis negotiators, and behavioral analysts—working side by side with local and state law enforcement officers—were instrumental in rescuing a 5-year-old boy being held hostage in a bunker in Midland City, Alabama.

March

Former Detroit Mayor Kwame M. Kilpatrick and his associate Bobby W. Ferguson were convicted of using Kilpatrick’s political positions to carry out a wide-ranging racketeering conspiracy involving extortion, bribery, and fraud.

April

The FBI launched an extensive investigation into the Boston Marathon bombing. One of the subjects, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, was killed by local police while fleeing a manhunt. His brother, Dzokhar Tsarnaev, was subsequently arrested and indicted for his alleged role in the bombing.

August

A federal jury convicted James J. “Whitey” Bulger of the murders of 11 people as well as numerous counts of extortion, money laundering, drug dealing, and firearms possession. Bulger had been on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list for 16 years before being captured in 2011.

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