Home About Us Laboratory Services Forensic Science Communications Back Issues July 2002 Purkait & Chandra, Table 6

Purkait & Chandra, Table 6

Table 6: <span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black;layout-grid-mode:line"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Cross Test of Sex Determination Accuracy Using Discriminant Function Formulae Derived <br /> from Geographically Diverse Populations</b> ***</font></span><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <table border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="border-collapse:collapse; border:none;mso-border-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" width="627" height="301"> <tr> <td width="144" rowspan="2" valign="top" style="width:167.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Cross validation and comparative group</span></b><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="64" valign="top" style="width:59.1pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-left:none;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Sample</span></b><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td colspan="2" valign="top" style="width:119.15pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-left:none;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Male</span></b><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td colspan="2" valign="top" style="width:119.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-left:none;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Female</span></b><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="206" rowspan="2" style="width:191.85pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-left:none;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:10.95pt;margin-bottom:.0001pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Dimensions in Function</span></b><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="64" valign="top" style="width:59.1pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">N<o:p></o:p></span></b></font></p> </td> <td width="50" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">N<o:p></o:p></span></b></font></p> </td> <td width="51" valign="top" style="width:59.2pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">%<o:p></o:p></span></b></font></p> </td> <td width="38" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">N<o:p></o:p></span></b></font></p> </td> <td width="59" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">%<o:p></o:p></span></b></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="144" valign="top" style="width:167.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="73"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Present study<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="64" valign="top" style="width:59.1pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="73"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">280<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="50" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="73"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">92.0<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="51" valign="top" style="width:59.2pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="73"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">194/200<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="38" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="73"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">96.3<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="59" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="73"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">77/80<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="206" valign="top" style="width:191.85pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="73"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:10.95pt;margin-bottom:.0001pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Maximum length +<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">Maximum head diameter +<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family: Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Anteroposterior diameter +<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Epicondylar width</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="144" valign="top" style="width:167.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="42"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Thai formula on Indians</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><br /> <span style="layout-grid-mode:line">Thai (original study)</span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="64" valign="top" style="width:59.1pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="42"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">280<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; layout-grid-mode:line">(103)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="50" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="42"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">63.5<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(94.2)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="51" valign="top" style="width:59.2pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="42"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">127/200<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(65/69)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="38" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="42"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">100<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(94.1)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="59" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="42"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">80/80 (32/34)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="206" valign="top" style="width:191.85pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="42"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:10.95pt;margin-bottom:.0001pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Maximum head diameter +<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family: Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Epicondylar width</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="144" valign="top" style="width:167.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="38"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 3.0pt;margin-left:0in"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Chinese formula on Indians</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><br /> <span style="layout-grid-mode:line">Chinese (original study)</span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="64" valign="top" style="width:59.1pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="38"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">280</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(82)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="50" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="38"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">58.5</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(81.4)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="51" valign="top" style="width:59.2pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="38"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">117/200</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(35/43)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="38" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="38"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">100</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(87.2)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="59" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="38"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">80/80</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(34/39)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="206" valign="top" style="width:191.85pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="38"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:10.95pt;margin-bottom:.0001pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Midshaft circumference +</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family: Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Maximum head diameter</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="144" valign="top" style="width:167.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="39"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 3.0pt;margin-left:0in"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">S. A. white formula on Indians</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><br /> <span style="layout-grid-mode:line">S. A. white (original study)</span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="64" valign="top" style="width:59.1pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="39"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">280</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(105)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="50" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="39"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">27.0</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(87.5)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="51" valign="top" style="width:59.2pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="39"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">54/200</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(49/56)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="38" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="39"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">100</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(89.8)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="59" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="39"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">80/80</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(44/49)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="206" valign="top" style="width:191.85pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt" height="39"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:10.95pt;margin-bottom:.0001pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Maximum head diameter +<o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family: Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Epicondylar width</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:26.95pt"> <td width="144" valign="top" style="width:167.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; height:26.95pt" height="74"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 3.0pt;margin-left:0in"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">American white formula on Indians</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><br /> <span style="layout-grid-mode:line">American white (original study)</span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="64" valign="top" style="width:59.1pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:26.95pt" height="74"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">280</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(110)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="50" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:26.95pt" height="74"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">19.0</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(91.1)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="51" valign="top" style="width:59.2pt;border-top:none;border-left:none; border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:26.95pt" height="74"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">38/200</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(51/56) </span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="38" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:26.95pt" height="74"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">100</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(92.6)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="59" valign="top" style="width:59.95pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:26.95pt" height="74"> <p class="MsoPlainText" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;text-align:center"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">80/80</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p><br /> </span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">(50/54)</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> <td width="206" valign="top" style="width:191.85pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;height:26.95pt" height="74"> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:10.95pt;margin-bottom:.0001pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Maximum length +<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:10.95pt;margin-bottom:.0001pt"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family: Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode:line">Maximum head diameter +<o:p></o:p><br /> Midshaft circumference +<o:p></o:p><br /> Epicondylar width</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:6.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:.3in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:-.3in"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">*** The following discriminant function formulae were used in this cross testing:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:6.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:.3in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:-.3in"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">Thai (King et al. 1998) F = 0.3229101* Maximum head diameter + 0.1298626* Epicondylar width –23.86411<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:6.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:.3in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:-.3in"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">Chinese (Iscan and Shihai 1995) F = 0.0876531* Midshaft circumference + 0.2399596* Maximum head <br /> diameter –197.49596<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:6.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:.3in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:-.3in"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">South African white (Steyn and Iscan 1997) F = 0.1467735* Epicondylar width + 0.1817591* Maximum head <br /> diameter –20.11745<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText" style="margin-top:6.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 0in;margin-left:.3in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-indent:-.3in"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line">American white (Iscan and Miller-Shaivitz 1984) F= 0.30829* Maximum head diameter + 0.08253* Epicondylar <br /> width –0.01607* Maximum length + 0.07202* Midshaft circumference –19.63418<o:p></o:p><o:p></o:p></span></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line"><o:p></o:p></span></font><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";layout-grid-mode: line"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><br /> <a href="http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/lab/forensic-science-communications/fsc/july2002/purkaittable6b.htm/purkait.htm#table4b"><i><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2">Return to article</font></i></a></p>