Krapohl, Table 4

<span style="font-family: Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Table 4: Means and Standard Deviations for Objective Scoring System<br /> Scores for Confession Only, Confession Plus Evidence, Evidence Only,<br /> and Innocent Cases</b></font></span><span style="font-family: Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><o:p></o:p><o:p></o:p></b><o:p></o:p><o:p></o:p></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><o:p></o:p></font><o:p></o:p></span></p> <table border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" style="border-collapse:collapse; border:none;mso-border-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <tr> <td width="181" valign="top" style="width:135.9pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 3.0pt;margin-left:0in"> &nbsp; <span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Bookman Old Style""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="108" valign="bottom" style="width:81.0pt;border-top:solid windowtext .5pt; border-left:none;border-bottom:solid windowtext 1.5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><b><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Mean</span></b><b><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> </td> <td width="96" valign="bottom" style="width:1.0in;border-top:solid windowtext .5pt; border-left:none;border-bottom:solid windowtext 1.5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><b><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">SD</span></b><b><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="181" valign="top" style="width:135.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 3.0pt;margin-left:0in"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Confession Only</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Bookman Old Style""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="108" valign="bottom" style="width:81.0pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext 1.5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">-20.95</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="96" valign="bottom" style="width:1.0in;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext 1.5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">22.53</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="181" valign="top" style="width:135.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 3.0pt;margin-left:0in"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Confession Plus Evidence</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Bookman Old Style""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="108" valign="bottom" style="width:81.0pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">-25.50</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="96" valign="bottom" style="width:1.0in;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">17.94</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="181" valign="top" style="width:135.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 3.0pt;margin-left:0in"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Evidence Only</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Bookman Old Style""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="108" valign="bottom" style="width:81.0pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">-20.66</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="96" valign="bottom" style="width:1.0in;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">20.18</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="181" valign="top" style="width:135.9pt;border:solid windowtext .5pt; border-top:none;mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom: 3.0pt;margin-left:0in"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">Innocent</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Bookman Old Style""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="108" valign="bottom" style="width:81.0pt;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">20.56</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="96" valign="bottom" style="width:1.0in;border-top:none;border-left: none;border-bottom:solid windowtext .5pt;border-right:solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid windowtext .5pt; padding:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt"> <p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top:3.0pt;margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:3.0pt;margin-left:0in;text-align:center"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">20.77</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman""><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p><a href="http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/lab/forensic-science-communications/fsc/july2002/krapohltable4.htm/krapohl.htm#fig1table4"><i><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2">Return to article</font></i></a></p>