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Location Type

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In addition to the five new location designations published with the 2010 hate crime data, several other location designations were added to the hate crime data collection. As a result, reporting agencies may specify the location of an offense within a hate crime incident as one of 45 location designations. However, not all reporting agencies have made the programming change to allow these additional locations designations; therefore the data collected to date are not yet representative of all location designations. The location designations of the hate crime incidents reported in 2011 (based on Table 10) were:

  • 32.0 percent of hate crime incidents occurred in or near residences or homes.
  • 18.0 percent took place on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 9.3 percent happened at schools or colleges (based on three designations).
  • 5.9 percent took place in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 4.4 percent occurred in churches, synagogues, or temples.
  • 2.5 percent transpired in bars or nightclubs.
  • 1.8 percent occurred in commercial office buildings.
  • 1.4 percent took place in government/public buildings.
  • 13.3 percent happened in the remaining specified location categories
    (e.g., air/bus/train terminal, convenience store, service/gas station, etc.) or in multiple locations.  
  • 11.3 percent occurred in other/unknown locations.

Location by bias motivation

Racial bias

Law enforcement reported 2,917 hate crime incidents motivated by racial bias in 2011. Of these:

  • 33.7 percent took place in or near residences or homes.
  • 19.3 percent occurred on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 9.5 percent happened at schools or colleges (based on three designations).
  • 6.3 percent took place in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 2.3 percent occurred in bars/nightclubs.
  • 2.1 percent took place in restaurants.
  • 1.9 percent happened in commercial office buildings.
  • 1.7 percent occurred in government/public buildings.
  • 13.7 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 9.6 percent occurred in other/unknown locations.

Religious bias

Of the 1,233 reported hate crime incidents that occurred due to a religious bias:

  • 28.6 percent happened in or near residences or homes.
  • 19.2 percent occurred in churches, synagogues, or temples.
  • 10.7 percent transpired at schools or colleges (based on three designations).
  • 7.8 percent took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets.
  • 2.4 percent happened in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 13.5 percent occurred in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 17.8 percent took place in other/unknown locations.

Sexual-orientation bias

Law enforcement reported that bias motivation against a particular sexual orientation prompted 1,293 hate crime incidents in 2011. Of these:

  • 31.9 percent occurred in or near residences or homes.
  • 23.9 percent happened on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 10.7 percent took place in other or unknown locations.
  • 9.2 percent transpired at schools or colleges (based on three designations).
  • 7.0 percent occurred in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 4.9 percent took place in bars or nightclubs.
  • 12.4 percent happened in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.

Ethnicity/national origin bias

Of the 720 hate crime incidents motivated by ethnicity/national origin bias as reported by law enforcement in 2011:

  • 30.7 percent occurred in or near residences or homes.
  • 19.9 percent took place on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 8.2 percent happened in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 6.3 percent transpired at schools or colleges (based on three designations).
  • 3.2 percent took place in restaurants.
  • 2.2 percent happened in bars or nightclubs.
  • 2.1 percent occurred in commercial office buildings.
  • 18.6 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 8.9 percent happened in other/unknown locations. 

Disability bias

Bias against individuals with a disability (either physical or mental) motivated 53 hate reported crime incidents in 2011. Of these:

  • 37.7 percent occurred in or near residences or homes.
  • 17.0 percent took place on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 9.4 percent happened in schools/colleges (based on three designations).
  • 7.5 percent occurred at drug stores/doctor’s office/hospital.
  • 7.5 percent occurred in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 13.2 percent transpired in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 7.5 percent happened in other/unknown locations.

Multiple-bias incidents

Six multiple-bias hate crime incidents were reported in 2011. Of these:

  • 2 occurred in or near a residence or home.
  • 2 happened on a highway/road/alley/street/sidewalk.
  • 1 occurred in an elementary or secondary school.
  • 1 happened in multiple locations.