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Location Type

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Beginning in 2010, reporting agencies could specify the location of an offense within a hate crime incident as one of 30 (formerly 25) location designations.  The 5 new location designations are camp/campground, gambling facility/casino/race track, industrial site, park/playground, and shopping mall.  However, not all reporting agencies have made the programming change to allow these additional location designations; therefore, the data collected to date are not yet representative of these location designations. 

The location designations of the hate crime incidents reported in 2010 were as follows (based on Table 10):

  • 31.4 percent of hate crime incidents occurred in or near residences or homes.
  • 17.0 percent took place on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 10.9 percent happened at schools or colleges.
  • 5.8 percent took place in parking lots or garages.
  • 3.7 percent occurred in churches, synagogues, or temples.
  • 2.2 percent transpired in bars or nightclubs.
  • 1.9 percent occurred in commercial office buildings.
  • 1.6 percent took place in government/public buildings.
  • 11.3 percent happened in the remaining specified location categories
    (e.g., air/bus/train terminal, convenience store, service/gas station) or in multiple locations.
  • 14.3 percent occurred in other or unknown locations.

Location by bias motivation

Racial bias

An analysis of the 3,135 hate crime incidents reportedly motivated by racial bias in 2010 showed:

  • 33.6 percent took place in or near residences or homes.
  • 18.9 percent occurred on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 11.7 percent happened at schools or colleges.
  • 6.0 percent took place in parking lots or garages.
  • 2.0 percent occurred in commercial office buildings.
  • 1.9 percent took place in government/public buildings.
  • 1.7 percent happened in bars or nightclubs.
  • 1.7 percent occurred in restaurants.
  • 11.0 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 11.5 percent occurred in other or unknown locations.

Religious bias

In 2010, 1,322 reported hate crime incidents occurred due to a religious bias.  Of these:

  • 26.6 percent happened in or near residences or homes.
  • 15.7 percent occurred in churches, synagogues, or temples.
  • 12.7 percent transpired at schools or colleges.
  • 8.2 percent took place on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 3.4 percent occurred in parking lots or garages.
  • 12.0 percent occurred in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 21.4 percent took place in other or unknown locations.

Sexual-orientation bias

Law enforcement agencies in 2010 reported 1,277 hate crime incidents based on a bias against a particular sexual orientation.  Of these:

  • 31.2 percent occurred in or near residences or homes.
  • 21.0 percent happened on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 8.4 percent occurred at schools or colleges.
  • 6.9 percent happened in parking lots or garages.
  • 4.9 percent took place in bars or nightclubs.
  • 13.8 percent happened in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 13.9 percent took place in other or unknown locations.

Ethnicity/national origin bias

Of the 847 hate crime incidents motivated by ethnicity/national origin bias as reported by law enforcement in 2010:

  • 30.8 percent occurred in or near residences or homes.
  • 17.5 percent took place on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 8.4 percent transpired at schools or colleges.
  • 7.4 percent happened in parking lots or garages.
  • 2.7 percent occurred in commercial office buildings.
  • 2.7 percent took place in restaurants.
  • 2.4 percent happened in bars or nightclubs.
  • 13.3 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 14.8 percent happened in other or unknown locations. 

Disability bias

Law enforcement agencies reported that 43 hate crime incidents were motivated by bias against individuals with a disability (either physical or mental) in 2010.  Of these:

  • 32.6 percent occurred in or near residences or homes.
  • 20.9 percent took place on highways, roads, alleys, or streets.
  • 20.9 percent happened in schools or colleges.
  • 16.3 percent transpired in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 9.3 percent happened in other or unknown locations.

Multiple-bias incidents

Four multiple-bias hate crime incidents were reported in 2010.  Of these:

  • 1 took place in or near a residence or home.
  • 1 happened in a bar or nightclub.
  • 1 occurred in multiple locations.
  • 1 took place in a school or college.